OSHIRO Naoki Faculty of Letter, KOBE UNIVERSITY Associate Professor, 文学部, 助教授 (00274407)
SAWA Munenori Faculty of Human, KOBE UNIVERSITY Development Associate Professor, 発達科学部, 助教授 (40235453)
YAMASAKI Takeshi Faculty of Human, KOBE UNIVERSITY Development Associate Professor, 発達科学部, 助教授 (20158132)
HASEGAWA Koji Faculty of Letter, KOBE UNIVERSITY Professor, 文学部, 教授 (60124872)
TANAKA Shingo Gifushotokugakuen University Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (10031288)
In our research work for three years, disasters and reconstruction on the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake were analyzed considering the relationship between both natural conditions and economic and social conditions, particularly urban formation. A final report including most of our research work was published in March 1999, and the summary is as follows.
1. With regard to disaster analysis of Kobe, topographical classification maps were made, and using them it was clarified that topography and residential damages are closely related. Disaster deaths, residential damages, and natural conditions also had the relationship which was quite different by region. Temporal residential mobility due to the earthquake was notable in inner city areas, and poor and old-age people.
2. About reconstruction analysis, mobility of many tenants of damaged offices in Central Kobe to areas around and outside Kobe was still related to agglomeration function of Central Kobe. Taking two inner city regions in Kobe, it was shown that experience of disasters by the World War II and the earthquake damages are related. Reconstruction in towns in Awaji Island was different from reconstruction in Kobe urban areas.
3. Using historical maps, the relationship between remains of farm ponds and residential damages was analyzed, but clear results were not found. Data of map use by newspapers of the earthquake disasters was collected, and its significance and limitation were pointed out.
It is the remaining task for us to add research work using many and new statistics and reports concerning to the Earthquake, and proceed more intensive and analytic approach on wider regions, for example total Kobe and Hanshin regions.