1999 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary
Cultural Anthropological Research on Regional Variation of Cultural Traits Which Increase or Decrease the Healthy Aged
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Shizuoka University |
SOMEYA Yoshimichi Shizuoka University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Professor, 人文学部, 教授 (20091548)
MATSUOKA Etsuko Asahikawa Medical College, Associate Professor, 医学部, 助教授 (10183948)
ITO Makoto Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Humanities, Associate Professor, 人文学部, 助教授 (60183175)
KATATA Jun Fukuoka University, Department of Humanities, PROFESSOR, 人文学部, 教授 (90037052)
TSUJI Hideko Obihiro University of Veterinary Medicine, Researcher, 畜産学部, 助手 (30003114)
AMINO Fusako Senshu University, Department of Law, Lecturer, 法学部, 講師 (10285075)
|Project Period (FY)
1997 – 1999
|Keywords||cultural anthropology / the healthy aged / cultural traits / local variation / post modernism / ancestor worship / voluntary activities of the aged / buddhisitic tradition|
In 1997 we conducted research in Tokachi, Kushiro and Asahikawa areas in Hokkaido and found that formerly the Ainu had their proper culture which encouraged growing old in good health such as respecting the healthy aged but they have been deprived of their culture under the Assimilating policy enforced by the Japanese Government for more than one hundred years. As the result they have faced serious crises to survive.
In the same year We conducted research in Okinawa Prefecture where we found that the Okinawa people still hold their traditional culture such as respecting the helthy aged, encouraging the people to work so long as they live, and helping mutually which encourages volunteer activities.
In 1998 we conducted research in Iwate, Yamanashi, Wakayama and Fukuoka Prefectures. In lonely country of Iwate old villagers live in a passive way as they depend on the local administration. They have lived in the isolated mountaneous remote area and they did not have the culture of mutual hel
p. Their culture is quite different from the other areas such as those of Yamanashi, Wakayama and Fukuoka. In a village of Yamanashi the female aged live healthy life as they acquired modern skills, knowledge and life style when they worked at the tixtile mills in their youth, which encourage their helthy lives. In Fukuoka the aged live their healty lives because they live with their old neighbors and friends while they always get contact with their children and grandchildren who live far from them, and their ancestors who 'live' in the other world but the aged feel they 'live' near. The healty aged of Wakayama live their healty lives because they live in the traditional Buddhistic atmosphere; some of them always mind their ancestors, some of them have beliefs that encourage to help their pitiful neighbors, and the others make efforts to get at the secrets of the religious paintings.
In 1999 we conducted research in the big cities such as Tokyo and Osaka which have been exposed to modernization. Some of the aged who live in the downtown area of Sumida Ward of Tokyo try to keep their healthy lives by holding their ties of kinship as well as that of locality while the others who live in the changing area of Toshima Ward of Tokyo try to establish selective ties with those who are lonely because of loosing their kinship and neighborhood ties. We found also those who enjoy their lives by making groups with those who have the same political objectives, hobbies and arts of singing together in chorus, playing opera and dancing the folk dances. They do not intend to contribute to the society, for instance, by helping the others who are in difficulties. They rather seek their own pleasure. It may be said that they are the aged of the post modern times. Less
Research Products (4 results)