NISHIWAKI Yoshie Saitama Prefectural University, Junior College, Associate Professor, 助教授 (90132175)
OYAMADA Hiroko Osaka City University, College of Nursing, Professor, 看護短期大学部, 教授 (90233626)
HARADA Tokuzou Osaka University, Faculty of Medicine, Professor, 医学部, 教授 (00127284)
SATO Yoshiko Shimane Medical University, Faculty of Medicine, Associate Professor, 医学部, 助教授 (70276210)
MITSUOKA Setsuko Shimane Medical University, Faculty of Medicine, Professor, 医学部, 教授 (20105307)
To contribute to infection control measures for childhood epidemic viral disease during their clinical training and the health management of nursing students themselves, first, we conducted testing for antibodies to measles, chickenpox, German measles, and mumps in 156 nursing students in 1997.
The results showed antibody positive rates of 96.8% (151 students) for measles (IgG ELISA), 94.9% (148 students) for chickenpox (IgG ELISA), 97.4% (152 students) for German measles (HI test), and 73.7% (115 students) for mumps (IgG ELISA).
We also investigated associations with a past history of each of the diseases, vaccination history, and history of exposure to each of the viruses in each of the students in relation to these results, and one of the findings was that all 40 students who replied that they had a history of measles were positive for measles antibody.
Next, we recommended vaccination for the students whose antibody tests for the causative viruses of these diseases were negative or eq
uivocal (measles 5, chickenpox 8, German measles 4,mumps 41), but because there were students who had withdrawn from school or were temporarily absent from school, the study could be continued in the following numbers of students negative or equivocal for each disease : measles 4, chickenpox 7, German measles 4, and mumps 37.
The numbers of students who had been vaccinated against each of the viruses by 1999 were : measles 4, chickenpox 7, German measles 3, and mumps 21, and the numbers of those who had converted to antibody-positive were : measles 3, chickenpox 4, German measles 4, and mumps 21.
Students who had been vaccinated (total : 36) and manifested adverse reactions consisted only of those who replied that they had experienced a feeling of fatigue the day after being inoculated with chickenpox vaccine.
In an interview survey asking why students had not been vaccinated against mumps, more that half replied, "I understand why it is necessary to get vaccinated ", while one student each answered, "I do not understand why it is necessary" and "It is unnecessary". The most common reasons for not getting vaccinated , in descending order of frequency, were "I don't have time", "I costs money", "I thought it was all right not to get vaccinated ", etc. Less