AOKI Yoshiki Nagasaki University, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Professor, 熱帯医学研究所, 教授 (90039925)
IGARASHI Akira Nagasaki University, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Professor, 熱帯医学研究所, 教授 (40029773)
MIZOTA Tsutomu Nagasaki University, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Professor, 熱帯医学研究所, 教授 (60229721)
NAGATAKE Tsuyoshi Nagasaki University, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Professor, 熱帯医学研究所, 教授 (30164445)
The perception of remarkable advances in the fields of medicine has recently been challenged due to epidemics of emergining and reemerging diseases such as AIDS, and viral, bacterial, protozoal, and parasitic diseases. Our approach to the control of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases must be broad-based. It is essential that we continue internationally discussions and interactions with concemed groups as we work together to confront this international problem.
The problem posed by such infections is one of unparalleled complexity. Many infectious diseases can be expected to decrease in incidence or change in distribution under conditions in which currently available control measures prove sufficient. A plan to prepare for such future challenges must emphasize fundamental research to improve prediction and prevention.
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Japan (ITM/Nagasaki) and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, USA (NLAID/NIH) have established joint project for the exchange of information, research results, data base, and future prospects and planning on emerging and reemerging diseases, especially on the aspects of pathogenesis, etiological factors, and geopathology. ITM/Nagasaki has introduced tropical field work activity and NIAID/NIH has shown laboratory work and information collecting and access system.
Our overall strategy described in this research aims to address each of needs. It describes a plan to strengthen basic and applied research on the multiple host, pathogen, and environmental factors that influence diasease emergence.
Although this project represents a unique perspective, advice and input should be obtained from the extramural scientific community involved in developing a plan for dealing with emerging diseases. In particular, we wish to thank the experts of U.S.who joined us to review and comment on this subject.