2005 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary
Conflicts in the Contemporary World : Perspectives from Area Studies
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||National Museum of Ethnology |
OSHIKWA Fumiko National Museum of Ethnology, Japan Center for Area Studies, Professor -> 国立民族学博物館, 地域研究企画交流センター, 教授 (30280605)
KOSUGI Yasushi Kyoto University, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Professor, 大学院・アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科, 教授 (50170254)
OTSUKA Kazuo Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Professor, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 教授 (70142015)
KURIMOTO Eisei Osaka University, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Professor, 大学院・人間科学研究科, 教授 (10192569)
KUROKI Hidemitsu Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Associate Professor, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 助教授 (20195580)
USUKI Akira Japan Women's University, Faculty of Humanities, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (40203525)
|Project Period (FY)
2003 – 2005
|Keywords||conflict / peace-building / violence / Area Studies / reconstruction assistance|
This research project aims at examining the increasing number of regional conflicts and the mechanism of political violence after the end of the Cold War, and explores post-conflict peace-building and reconstruction process from the perspective of Area Studies. Especially our interest lies in civil-war-type conflicts by non-state actors, and their domestic and international multiplicities. The role played by the non-state actors such as international organizations and NGOs are also taken into consideration.
Main results of three years researches are following.
(1)The members of this project paid special attention to the international environment and role of various actors. This enables us to reach to the perspective in understanding the contemporary conflicts better, which goes beyond the conventional way of thinking the conflicts in the framework of the nation-states. As examples of the achievements, we have Takeuchi's paper which examined the conflicts between "the tribes", having a closer look at activities of the former suzerain ; Obiya's paper analyzed the process of emerging discourse by looking into both domestic and foreign press ; Usuki's paper addressed the Palestine/Israel conflicts and Oshikawa's paper examined the event of 9.11 in the context of India
(2)In order to conduct comparative studies, we held the international workshop on Muslim communities in Europe. Two guest speakers made presentations on the case of France and UK respectively, and we had the clearer picture on the common points and differences in the construction of mechanism that exclude "Others" in these countries.
(3)As it is shown in the Yamamoto's paper, non-state actors that are outside of the affected communities, such as international organizations and NGOs, have crucial influence in relation to the reconstruction and peace-building process after conflicts.
Research Products (38 results)