NAKAI Izumi Tokyo University of Science, Department of Chemical, Professor, 理学部, 教授 (90155648)
OMURA Sachihiro Middle East Culture Center of Japan, senior curator, 主任研究員 (10260142)
YOSHIDA Daisuke Middle East Culture Center of Japan, curator, 研究員 (20280670)
Anatolian Plateau, the research area of this project, has been known as the first place of the Iron Culture in the world. It was very famous that the Hittite Empire monopolized iron tools enlarged its territory during Late Bronze Age. The recent archaeological excavations found the iron tool that was quite different from the meteorite iron from Early and Middle Bronze Age in the Anatolian Plateau. Therefore, the origin of the Iron Culture should be more than one thousand years before the beginning of the Iron Age at surrounding regions.
The purpose of this project is to investigate the origin of the Iron Culture and to make clear its background, especially the natural environmental background. Therefore, not only archaeological and documental methods but also chemic, geographic and geologic methods are necessary to decide the date, diffusion routs of origin of the iron culture. We also presume the natural environment of the Anatolian Plateau which allowed the new culture to be created.
The research areas were Kiiltepe, near Kayseri, Kaman Kalehoyuk, central Anatolia, Ayanis, eastern Anatolia and Tel Sekr A'. Heimal, north eastern part of Syria. The following investigations were done at the field surveys ; (1) Drilling surveys to reconstruct the palaeo-environment, (2) Penetrate survey by geo-radar system, (3)GIS, (4) Chemical analysis of archaeological objects, (5) archaeological survey and documents of mud tablets. In addition to the surveys at Turkey and Syria, we took the survey at Jordan and Egypt to take comparison data.
The international symposiums were held to summarized the results of the project at Mongolia, June 2006, and at Fukuoka, March 2007.