田崎 博之 愛媛大学, 埋蔵文化財調査室, 教授 (30155064)
田中 克典 弘前大学, 農学生命科学部, 助教 (00450213)
石川 隆二 弘前大学, 農学生命科学部, 教授 (90202978)
上條 信彦 弘前大学, 人文社会科学部, 准教授 (90534040)
|Budget Amount *help
¥52,260,000 (Direct Cost: ¥40,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥12,060,000)
Fiscal Year 2019: ¥9,490,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,190,000)
Fiscal Year 2018: ¥9,490,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,190,000)
Fiscal Year 2017: ¥9,880,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,280,000)
Fiscal Year 2016: ¥9,880,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,280,000)
Fiscal Year 2015: ¥13,520,000 (Direct Cost: ¥10,400,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,120,000)
|Outline of Final Research Achievements
In this study, we attempted to elucidate the transition of the utilization of plant food resources based on rice cultivation in the Neolithic period in China. We conducted a survey and collection of analysis samples at Neolithic sites in the lower Yangtze River, and analyzed the "quality" and "quantity" of plant food resources including rice. As a result, it was thought that various rice varieties have been cultivated by the rice paddy development technology that was typed into three types in the rice-producing society. This technology has also enabled rice cultivation to spread from the lower reaches of the Yangtze River to the whole of China.
Furthermore, regarding the utilization of plant-based food resources other than rice, we were able to clarify the transition of food-resources utilization from wild plants to cultivated plants based on the food processing technology, and the process of domestication of water chestnut.