|Budget Amount *help
¥100,490,000 (Direct Cost: ¥77,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥23,190,000)
Fiscal Year 2012: ¥15,340,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,800,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,540,000)
Fiscal Year 2011: ¥16,380,000 (Direct Cost: ¥12,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,780,000)
Fiscal Year 2010: ¥21,710,000 (Direct Cost: ¥16,700,000、Indirect Cost: ¥5,010,000)
Fiscal Year 2009: ¥26,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥20,000,000、Indirect Cost: ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2008: ¥21,060,000 (Direct Cost: ¥16,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥4,860,000)
Responses of coral reefs to warming, ocean acidification and sea level rise were investigated and evaluated with community and ecosystem scales in field. Bleaching induced by high temperature occurred every several years and degradation of coral reefs initiated. Effect of bleaching and acidification varied by species, and only a few species responded to sea level rise. Shift from hermatypic coral to macro-algae has been assumed, but an example of shift to soft coral by ocean acidification has been presented.