|Budget Amount *help
¥58,890,000 (Direct Cost: ¥45,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥13,590,000)
Fiscal Year 2013: ¥10,790,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,490,000)
Fiscal Year 2012: ¥12,090,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,790,000)
Fiscal Year 2011: ¥11,960,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,760,000)
Fiscal Year 2010: ¥10,790,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,300,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,490,000)
Fiscal Year 2009: ¥13,260,000 (Direct Cost: ¥10,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,060,000)
The objectives of this project can be divided into two interrelated themes. The first one is to consider the rise and fall of Andean civilization in relation to environmental change, and the second one is to understand human activities carried out around the Nasca Lines. For these purposes, three different researches were conducted; reconstructions of paleo-environment, settlement survey, and excavations in and around the "Pampa de Nasca". According to the results, through the constructions of underground canals, the societies that used the Nasca Lines sustained themselves for 2000 years from 400 B.C. even in the periods of dry climate. In addition, while the people carried out a type of ritual represented by destructions of pottery, they did it more frequently when the climate became increasingly dry. Against the sharp shift to dry climate, people sustained their societies for long period of time by means of ritual activities and utilization of underwater.