ELDRIDGE MOH カメルーン国立人文科学研究所, 北方センター, センター長
MATSUDA Motoji Lecturer, Faculty of Literature, Osaka Metropolitan University, 文学部, 講師 (50173852)
OGURA Mitsuo Professor, Faculty of Foreign Studies, Sophia University, 外国語学部, 教授 (40055322)
AKASAKA Masaru Professor, Faculty of Human Science, Toyama University, 人文学部, 教授 (60099231)
UEDA Hitoshi Professor, Faculty of Human Science, Niigata University, 人文学部, 教授 (20096382)
TOMIKAWA Morimichi Professor, Faculty of General Arts, Tokyo Kokusai University, 教養学部, 特任教授 (90014456)
MATSUSHITA Shuji Associate Professor, ILCAA Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 助教授 (20014475)
MOHAMMADOU Eldridge Director, The North Research Center, National Institute of Human Sciences, Camer
MOHAMMADOU E カメルーン国立人文科学研究所, 北方センター長
|Budget Amount *help
¥32,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥32,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥12,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥12,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥11,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥9,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,000,000)
The research project aimed to survey the processes of urbanization and social-block formation that were proceeding strongly all over the African continent. These processes could be visualized with the investigation into the individual subjects such as the development of nation states, the structural analysis on urban societies, the interaction between urban and surrounding rural areas, the functional overview on the prevailing socio-cultural traces, and the creation and weaning of Lingua Francas. The project tried to acquire enough materials upon which the later comparative.
Study could rely on to further the insight of Africa societies. Each researchers have spent their last year of the project (fiscal 1991) in their own field aeras, accumulating the last batch of reserach results.
The representative Hino worked at an inland Swahili town in Tanzania, Ujiji. He concentrated on recor ding life-histories and on observation over several cultural phenomenon since the independence of Tanzania
in 1962. These included the social transformation of Swahili cities, the alteration of life style of the inhabitants, the inter-tribal relations, and particularly, the process of "becoming Swahili" by adopting the prevail ing Swahili culture. The participant Matsushita stayed, mainly, in northern Nigeria, occupying himself in the research on Hausa culture and language. He has been working in this field many years, but in fiscal 1991, he extended the area a little and visited Tunisia to look for the remnants of Hausa immigrants there. The participant Tomikawa worked at Arusha town in norther Tanzania. His research topic was the pastoral societies that live in and around the town. The field loction of the participant Ueda was a Swahili trading town in Kenya, called Mariakani. He looked into the historical activity of its main inhabitants, the Kambas, who had been the important agent of the coastalinland long distance trade since the pre-colonial times. The participant Akasaka worked in southern Mali and adjacent northern Ivory Coast in West Africa, where social and cultural influence of the Mandingos prevailed. He concentrated in the research how the market network functioned in his area and how it contributed to establishing nation state. The participant Ogura undertook the field work in two cities in Zambia, a colonial centre Lusaka and a mining town Luanshya. He looked into the movement of labour into cities, especially, the integration of rural migrants into urban neighborhood. At the same time, he worked on the reflection of the deterioreating mining industry upon the urban-rural interrelation. He enlarged his prospective by making a short comparative survey of neighboring Zimbabwe and Malawi. The participant Matsuda continued his field work on Kangemi Neighbourhood of Nairobi, Kenya. The locality was inhabited mainly by Maragoli people from western Kenya. His research topics were the defining social relation between the Maragolis and neighbouring ethnic groups. The attitude of inhabitants to their mother village society from where they hailed, also interested him. Especially, the funeral association formed in the occasion of death of an inhabitant, gave to Matsuda an important insight. He also visited Harare, Zimbabwe, to see some similar situation.
The participant Eldridge Mohammadou remained in northern Cameroons and collected and analyzed the oraltraditions of Fulani urban societies.
The research project has been completed in fiscal 1991, but the sister project of the ILCAA will not be terminated before several more years. The representative and participants continue to work on the accumulated materials. The final result will appear in the next issue of "African Urban Studies" (Vol. 1, 1991, 11, 1992) and a special issue in Japanese is under consideration. Less