Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Tokyo University of Foreign Studies|
NAGATA Yuzo Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies Professor, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 教授 (20014508)
上岡 弘二 東京外国語大学, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 教授 (80014512)
川瀬 豊子 樟蔭女子短期大学, 専任講師 (10195092)
柘植 洋一 金沢大学, 文学部, 助教授 (50092276)
蔀 勇造 東京工業大学, 工学部, 助教授 (90126079)
西尾 哲夫 東京外国語大学, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 助手 (90221473)
中野 暁雄 東京外国語大学, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 教授 (70014470)
斉藤 美津子 大東文化大学, 国際関係学部, 非常勤講師
林 徹 東京外国語大学, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 助教授 (20173015)
羽田 亨一 東京外国語大学, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 助教授 (90092460)
家島 彦一 東京外国語大学, アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所, 教授 (90014472)
SAITO Mitsuko Daitoo Bunka University, Instructor
NISHIO Tetsuo Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo Univ
HAYASI Tooru Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Associate
YAJIMA Hikoichi Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo Univ
HANEDA Koichi Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Associate
KAMIOKA Koji Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo Univ
NAKANO Akio Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo Univ
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥44,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥44,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥18,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥18,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥16,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥16,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
|Keywords||Islam / Cross-cultural contact / Periodic market / Permanent market quarter / Market network / Multilingualism / Trade route / Market area / イスラム / 異文化接触 / 定期市 / 常設市 / 市ネットワ-ク / 多言語使用 / 交易ル-ト / 市場圏 / 市商人 / 家畜市 / マ-ザンダラ-ン|
In this research project, we carried out investigation in the following areas of the Islamic world to clarify the characteristics of periodic markets, and the various aspects of cross-cultural contacts observed there. Permanent markets were also within our scope of research.
Inquiries were made about periodic markets in the region around Aleppo with a focus on the distribution of markets and market days, the participants, and the merchandise being sold. Local historical registers were also utilized for clarifying the former situation of markets and traditional trades in the region.
The market area around lzmir, a western Turkish city, was investigated. Historical records, as well as contemporary data were collected and examined. Besides economic and social functions of markets themselves, correlation between the market area and the dialect distribution was studied in the fieldwork of Bolu, a northwestern region of the country.
3. TUNISIA and MALTA
An exhaustive fieldwork was made on periodic markets in Tunisia and Malta. Historical records (manuscripts), documents and statistical data were examined to supplement the results obtained through the fieldwork.
Investigation was made in the central and southern regions of Morocco, where weekly markets were a significant local feature. Focus was on the sociolinguistic inquiry of the Arabic dialects and the Berber language in relation to market activities.
Contemporary markets held in city quarters and suburbs were investigated. Historical change of markets was traced using manuscripts, documents and statistical data. In the field work of nomads in the Sinai peninsula, social relations among tribes were also inquired
The investigators were forced to quit Iran because of the confiscation of their research expenses by the Iranian officials. The incomplete research was supplemented by the research in Turkey.