Studies on the unpublished specimens of Japanese animals collected by von Siebold and still preserved in the museums in the Netherlands
Grant-in-Aid International Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Kumamoto University|
YAMAGUCHI Takao Associate Professor, Faculty of Science, Kumamoto University, 理学部, 助教授 (10040106)
FRANSEN Char オランダ国立自然史博物館, 動物部門, 主任研究員
HOLTHUIS Lip オランダ国立自然史博物館, 教授館員
UEDA Kyoichiro Head curator, Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History, 学芸課主査
TAKEISHI Masayoshi Curator, Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History, 学芸員
MACHIDA Yoshihiko Professor, Faculty of Science, Kochi University, 理学部, 教授 (40117023)
FRANSEN char オランダ国立自然史博物館, 動物部門, 主任研究員
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥18,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥18,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥7,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥8,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,200,000)
|Keywords||Siebold / Fauna Japonica / Natural history / Museum / The Netherlands / Leiden / Echinodermata / 動物学史|
Von Siebold collected, with the help of his assistant H. Burger, numerous specimens of Japanese animals in Japan and slopped them off to the Netherlands. Those were studied by specialists at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden (Leiden Museum) and the results were published in Fauna Japonica which was edited and published by von Siebold. The Leiden Museum still holds a large number of these specimens.
We conducted the survey mostly at the Leiden Museum, examining a total of 2, 800 specimens of coelenterates, tentacles, insects, crustaceans, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Some species are represented by a fairly large series of specimens.
Part of the von Siebold-Burger's zoological collection was distributed to other natural history museums in Europe and sold to dealers. In order to locate the specimens brought out, we examined documents including exchange lists now housed in the Leiden Museum. The difference between the number of the specimens recorded and the actual number of specimens now at the Leiden Museum shows that nearly 60 % of the birds and mammals and 15 % of the crustaceans were brought out.
Color pictures of crustaceans, fishes and mammals made by Kawahara Keiga now deposited in the Leiden Museum were studied. In addition, we found another 44 beautifully executed pictures of amphibians and reptiles which were in all probability made by Kawahara Keiga at the request of von Siebold.
In the Leiden Museum, we discovered a lithographic stone with an indication of Fauna Japonica. A print fairly beautifully reproduced using this showed that it is the fifteenth plate of the sixth volume of Fauna Japonica in which two pictures of a sea cucumber are illustrated. This fact indicates that at least 15 plates were prepared for the unpublished sixth volume of Fauna Japonica dealing with Echinodermata.
Research Output (7results)