Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Musashi University |
MARUHASHI Tamaki Department of Human and Cultural Sciences, Musashi University, 人文学部, 助教授 (20190564)
ムワンカ゛ M. ザイール科学省, 中央自然科学研究所・生物学部, 研究員
ムワンザ N. ザイール科学省, 中央自然科学研究所・生物学部, 部長
MITANI Masazumi Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, 霊長類研究所, 非常勤講師 (20202343)
YUMOTO Takakazu Department of Liberal Arts, Kobe University, 教養部, 助手 (70192804)
HAMADA Yuzuru Department of Liberal Arts, Okayama University of Science, 教養部, 専任講師 (40172978)
YAMAGIWA Juichi Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, 霊長類研究所, 助手 (60166600)
MWANGA Milinganyo Centre de Recherches en Sciences Naturelles, Zaire
MWANZA Ndunda Centre de Recherches en Sciences Naturelles, Zaire
NDUNDA Mwanz 科学省自然科学研究センター, 生物学部(ザイール), 部長
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1991
Completed (Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥23,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥23,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1991: ¥6,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥6,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1990: ¥9,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1989: ¥7,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,800,000)
|Keywords||Comparative Ecology / Gorillas / Chimpanzees / Coevolution / Zaire / Congo / Medical plant usage / Tool using / 肉食 / 熱帯林 / 種子分散 / 種間関係 / 森林動態|
In this research project, the following four research activities were conducted ; 1. the comparative ecology of the sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Zaire and Congo, 2. the study of forest structure of tropical forests and interactions between primate community and fruit production, 3. morphological studies of Cercopithecus species in Zaire, and 4. invitations of two researchers from Zaire to Japan.
In the tropical forests, the sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees were different each other in their feeding ecology. The most characteristic feature of gorillas in Congo in comparison with those in Zaire was that they used to go inside the swamp to feed water plants.
In the montane forest of Zaire, the meat eating behavior and tool using behaviors were observed. The medical plant usage by gorillas were suggested by fecal analysis, which was similar to the medical plant usage of chimpanzees in Tanzania.
It was found that the forest of the study site in Zaire was composed of small forest patches with few dominant species by using a super-long transect method. However, in the study site of Congo, the three vegetation types were clearly found. The three types of fruits production were categorized concerning seed dispersion. The features of the fruits were seemed to combined with the behavior of their seed dispersors in the context of coevolution.
The allometry of brain size and body weight among Cercopithecus were studied.
Dr. N. MWANZA was invited in 1990 to Japan to study the ecology of sympatric apes. Mr. M. MWANGA were also invited in 1991 to Japan to study the morphology of Cercopithecus species.