Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||The National Center for University Entrance Examination (NCUEE)|
NAKAJIMA Naotada NCUEE, Professor, 研究開発部, 教授 (70037026)
TEZUKA Takehiko National Institute for Educational Research, Director, 研究部長 (50000039)
KUMAMOTO Yoshiro University of Electro-Communications, Professor, 教授 (30017313)
AMANO Masaharu Tsukuba University, Professor, 教育学系, 教授 (50000055)
KIMURA Hiroshi National Institute for Educational Research, Senior Researcher, 研究室長 (90124180)
NOMURA YUJIRO NCUEE, Former Professor, 研究開発部, 前教授 (70012177)
YAMAMURA Shigeru NCUEE, Assistant Professor, 研究開発部, 助手 (30212294)
MAEKAWA Shinichi NCUEE, Associate Professor, 研究開発部, 助教授 (70190288)
IWATSUBO Shuichi NCUEE, Professor, 研究開発部, 教授 (20141997)
YAMADA Fumiyasu NCUEE, Associate Professor, 研究開発部, 助教授 (40158217)
SUZUKI Norio NCUEE, Associate Professor, 研究開発部, 助教授 (70154565)
IKEDA Terumasa NCUEE, Associate Professor, 研究開発部, 助教授 (90117060)
AKAGI Aiwa NCUEE, Professor, 研究開発部, 教授 (70125243)
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
|Keywords||Tests for University Entrance Examination / Admission Standards / United States of America / England and Wales / Germany / France / Spain / International Baccalaureate|
It is a recent trend in developed countries that essay type tests and personal criteria such as a sense of volition have been increasingly used in university admissions in addition to objective tests or written examinations which are adopted to evaluate basic achievement. Essay type examinations or interview tests are used to evaluate further or wider knowledge. This trend was found out by an previous research (Naotada Nakajima (ed.) "University Entrance Examination in the World" ((Jiji Tsushin Sha, 1986)) ). With the present research project, we confirm that the trend is getting further in recent years.
[United States of America]
Two major standard tests (SAT, ACT) have been innovated.
There are debates about exceeded reliance to testing and improvement of testing.
[England and Wales, France and Germany]
Syllabuses for qualifying examinations to Higher Education are being unified.
Syllabi are being unified by states.
The secondary school curriculum to prepare for higher education was renewed in the light of the reform of the educational system as a whole.
There are improvements in evaluating achievement.
It is emphasized that studying international relationships is important.
This trend would be suggestive for reforming the college admissions system in Japan.