Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Kyoto University |
KIMURA Iwane Faculty of Eng., Kyoto University (Professor), 工学部, 教授 (00025884)
KOJIMA Hirotsugu Radio Atmospheric Science Center, Kyoto University (Research Associate), 超高層, 助手 (10215254)
OMURA Yoshiharu Radio Atmospheric Science Center, Kyoto University (Assistant Professor), 超高層, 助教授 (50177002)
MATSUMOTO Hiroshi Radio Atmospheric Science Center, Kyoto University (Professor), 超高層, 教授 (00026139)
SATO Toru Faculty of Eng,. Kyoto University (Lecturer), 工学部, 講師 (60162450)
OKADA Toshimi Faculty of Eng., Toyama Prefectural University (Assistant Professor), 工学部, 助教授 (90008566)
NAGANO Isamu Faculty of Eng., Kanazawa University (Professor), 工学部, 教授 (50019775)
HASHIMOTO Kozo Faculty of Eng., Tokyo Denki University (Professor), 工学部, 教授 (80026369)
HELLIWELL Robert A. STAR Lab., Stanford University (Professor), 教授
WONG A.Y. 米California大学, UCLA, 教授
WONG Alfred Y. Dept. of Physics, University of California, Los Angeles (Professor)
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1990
Completed (Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥7,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥7,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1990: ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1989: ¥3,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,600,000)
|Keywords||EXOS-D (Akebono) satellite / Ionospheric plasma heating / Satellite experiments / Active experiments / VLF wave propagation / Magnetospheric plasma / Wave-wave interaction / Wave-particle interaction|
Main objectives of this project were to do colaborative expeiments with an ionospheric heating facility HIPAS (High power active stimulation) near Fairbanks, Alaska, which is operated by UCLA, using our satellite Akebono, and another colaborative experiment with the U. S. scientific satellite DE-1.
During these two years, we have been able to achieve successful results by the HEPAS experiments, but not able to get fruitful result by the DE-1 project, due to several unexpected situations of the satellites. During the last half year in 1990, we also made colaborative experiments with an ionospheric heating facility near Tromso in Norway.
HIPAS is a high power HF radio transmitter (2.85 MHz and 1 MW) to heat the ionosphere. We have modulated the HF radio wave with a VLF frequency. As the result, an ionospheric current of the VLF frequency flows in the heated ionosphere, which radiates a VLF radio wave upwards and downwards. We have tried to observe this VLF radio wave by using our satellite Akebono and a receiver on the ground. In August, 1989, we succeeded to detect the VLF signal associated with HIPAS ionospheric heating on the ground by a VLF receiver 35 km away from the HIPAS. Satellite observations were not successful. We could successfully detect this VLF signal with Akebono at 2,300 km of altitude on November 28, 1989 and at 10,000 km on June 18, 1990 as well as on the ground.
In November, 1990, we have made similar colaborative experiments with the Tromso ionospheric heating facility in Norway. The experiment on November 18 was successful for a satellite altitude of 1,200 km. As mentioned above, our joint experiments were satisfactory, in order to clarify the mechanism of VLF wave radiation from the heated ionosphere and the mode of propagation to the space and to the ground.