A Developmental and Cross-cultural Study of the Process of Making Moral Judgment.
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B).
|Research Institution||Shirayuri College|
AZUMU Hiroshi Shirayuri College, Faculty of Literature Professor, 文学部, 教授 (60012548)
宮下 孝広 白百合女子大学, 文学部, 専任講師 (00190778)
YAMANOUCHI Kotaro ShirayuKi College, Faculty of Literature Associate Professor, 文学部, 助教授 (30174767)
HAYAHI Yoichi Shirayuri College, Faculty of Literature Associate Professor, 文学部, 助教授 (20145650)
唐澤 真弓 白百合女子大学, 文学部, 助手
MIYASHITA Takahiro Shirayuki College, Faculty of Literature Assoistant Professor
KARASAWA Mayumi Shiratyki College, Dept. of Literature, Instructor Faculty of Literature
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
|Keywords||moral judgement / information / cross cultural / Kohlberg / feeling / 道徳的判断過程 / 日米比較 / 発達 / 情報補完法|
The processes of making moral judgment under insufficient circumstantial information has been studied and cross-culturally compared Subjects were about 200 junior high students and about 230 college students. of Japanese and American nationality.
Subjects were read brief scenarios contraining only skeletal information about a morally dubious dubious act. After hearing a scenario, students were asked to rate the protagonist's behavior on a six-point scale. They were then presented with a list of 14 questions related to various aspects of the scenario. Students were then asked to indicate which questions they needed to have answered in order to make a fair and accurate judgment in the situation. After the presentation of the content of each information, students were asked how they would rate the protagonist's action knowing this new piece of information.
Several findings worth noting. They are :
1)Japanese college students tend to rate less punitively than American students.
2)Japanese students ask for information concerning feelings and remorse of the protagonist significantly more frequently than American students. This tendency was stable with both high-school and college students. The episodes used by Kohlberg in his studies did not carry those information on feelings of protagonists feelings.
3)American students on the other side preferred information about factual circumstances.
4)Cross-cultural differences in the judgment style was more pronounced with college students than with high-school students.
Research Output (17results)