KATO Tatsumi National Science Museum, Tsukuba Botanical Garden, Curator, 筑波実験植物園, 研究官 (40177457)
渡辺 真利代 東京都立衛生研究所, 環境保健部, 研究員
WATANABE Mariyo Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory for Public Health, Researcher
|Budget Amount *help
¥6,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,500,000)
As a part of molecular taxonomic revision of the bloom-forming blue-green alga Microcystis, allozyme divergence of the Japanese strains of Microcystis were studied with special reference to their morphology and toxicity. We analyzed (1) allozyme genotype at four enzyme loci, IDH, 6PGD, PGI and PGM, (2) average cell size and characteristics of colony morphology and (3) toxin composition of three microcystins (-RR, -YR, -LR), using a total of 78 strains collected from twenty-three lakes, ponds and reservoirs. As a result of statistical analyses of allozyme genotype, it was elucidated that the genus Microcystis consists of at least five taxonomic entities listed below. Morphological and biochemical attributes of the five taxonomic entities are summarized as follows.
(1) M. aeruginosa S1-type : cell size small, colony not characteristic, untoxic.
(2) M. aeruginosa S2-type : cell size small, colony not characteristic, toxic.
(3) M. aeruginosa L-type : cell size large, clathrate colony, highly toxic.
(4) M. viridis : cell size large, cubic colony, toxic.
(5) M. wesenbergil : cell size large, pouched colony, nontoxic.
These achievements will provide a new taxonomic system and identification method (including forecast of toxicity) of the genus Microcystis.