|Budget Amount *help
¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Edo era is a most nearest period to modern Japanese. Edo era people were divided four classes called "si-nou-kou-syo i. e. samurai, farmers, artisan and merchant". Many skeletons were excavated in Tokyo. The skeleton of the lord of Nagaoka were excavated from the Saikaiji-temple. The skeleton was regarded as the samurai were excavated at Shiba-kouen 1-chome site and the Tentokuji-temple. The skeleton regarded the town people were excavated at Kamikurumasaka-machi and Yushima-muenzaka at Fukagawa district. Suzuki (1951) reported the Kamakura era skeleton and Morita (1950) reported the Modern Japanese skull measurements. We compared the edo era skeleton to Kamakura era and Modern Jananese skeleton. The following categories are very near mean values between Kamikurumasaka and Yusima skulls : maximum cranial length, cranial length-breadth index, facial length, upper facial breadth, bizygomaticbreadth, middle facial breadth, upper facial index (Kollmann), orbital index, nasal breadth and nasal index. Shiba-kouen and Tentokuji-temple skulls take almost same value at maximum cranial length, cranial length-breadth index, upper facial breadth, bi-orbital index and middle facial index. Some categories takes serial shape as era.