A corroborative study of aspect and modality in Thai
Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||University of Tsukuba|
AYABE Hiroko Univ. of Tsukuba, Institute of Modern Languages and Cultures Associate Professor, 現代語・現代文化学系, 助教授 (30117056)
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥300,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
|Keywords||Aspect / Modality / Perfective / Imperfectve / Progressive / Stative / Thai / 未完了 / ム-ド / 継続 / 進行 / コンテクスト / 推量 / 当為 / モダリティ / 助動詞 / コンピュ-タ- / コンコ-ダンス|
The writer conducted a semantic study of aspect and modality in Thai, wi, reference to Japanese, and occasional reference to Chinese. Twelve volumes of Thai language textbooks for primary school were analyzed and sorted into cards with different labels. The following points were made more or less clear :
1. The essential difference between the progressive form kamlaeta and the stative form yuu.
2. The forms pay and naa denote both aspect and modality, and have both perfective and imperfective aspect, and at the same the fore pay functions as a modality marker.
3. The form way is an aspect marker signifying both perfective and enperfective aspect.
4. The form sia is a perfective aspect marker and a modality marker signifying regret for irreversible events.
5. The form may day negates not only past and present perfect, but also all the cases where the entire proposition of the sentence is negated.
6. The form ca is an aspect marker signifying[-anterior], but changes the meaning of such modal forms as aat, t*eta, khoeta, khwan, as opposed to the general understanding that the addition of ca does not affect the meaning at all.
7. Speech Act considerations bring about difference of use of khwan<should>and t*eta<must>between Thai and Japanese, but otherwise modality markers tend to be rather similar between the two languages.
Research Products (5results)