Studies on the weathering and alteration of minerals by their fine texture analysis
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||University of Tokyo|
小沢 徹 東京大学, 理学部, 講師
OZAWA Tohru University of Tokyo Faculty of Science, 理学部, 講師 (00011651)
TOKONAMI Masayasu University of Tokyo Faculty of Science (Professor), 理学部, 教授 (80029850)
HAGA Nobuhiko Himeji Institute of Technology, Fac. Science (Associate Professor), 理学部, 助教授 (60011748)
HORIUCHI Hiroyuki University of Tokyo Faculty of Science (Associate Professor), 理学部, 助教授 (80029892)
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
|Keywords||Brazil / Carbonatite / Weathering / Perovskite / Anatase / Magnetite / Alkaline rocks / Geikielite / ブラジル / カ-ボナタイト / 風化 / ペロブスカイト / アナタ-ゼ / 磁鉄鉱 / アルカリ岩 / ゲイキライト / ジャクピランジャイト / デュ-パル異常 / 同位体測定 / チタン鉄鉱 / 微細組織 / 鉱物風化 / 鉱物の変質|
In the Monbusho International Scientific Research Program since 1978 we sampled many rocks and minerals at various localities in the carbonatitealkaline complexes %, ; hich dot Brazilian shield. Main subjects of the present project are the surveys of weathering and alteration of the minerals with optical and electron microscopy, EPNIA and/or X-ray diffraction. The principal results are summarized as follows, in addition to the analysis of the general features of weathering and alteration.
(1)Anatase crystals with a peculiar morphology have been mined together with phosphates for fertilizer in Tapira, Minas Gerais. The present studies on the fine texture and chemical composition of this anatase and perovskite obtained from the same mine, indicate that the anatase should be a weathering and alteration product of perovskite, and its peculiar morphology could be explained as a pseudomorph of perovskite.
(2)The occurrence and exsolxition textxire of Ti-bearing magnetite collected in carbonati
te-alkaline complexes have been investigated in order to help otir study on the origin of carbonatite. The present investigation has demonstrated that the magnetite often exsolves geikielite(MgTiO_3), irrespective of its age of intrusion or locality in Brazil.
(3)On the investigation into a mica ivith unusual zoning, which obtained from carbonatites, we have reached the conclusion that it is closely related to the "alkaline metasomatism" caused by action of carbonate magma.
(4)The occurrence of polymignyte, zirkelite and zirconolite in glimmerite, all of which belong to the Ca-Zr-Ti-O system, has been described.
(5)Fine texture which arises from the contact metasomatism between jacupirangite and carbonate magma has been electronmicroscopically studied.
(6)Lateritic weathering soils from carbonate rocks have been chemically investigated with radio activation analysis.
(7)We report geochemical and isotopic data of carbonatite specimens from five Brazilian localities. These analyses indicate that carbonatite melts attribute their origin to asthenospheric mantle plume. Less
Research Output (11results)