COonrol of Formation Process of Water Clusters by Rotatilnal Energy
Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Kyushu University|
INOUE Takayoshi Kyushu University, Institute of Advanced Material Study, Associate Professor, 機能物質科学研究所, 助教授 (20193592)
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
|Keywords||WATER / CLUSTER / CONDENSATION / ROTATIONAL ENERGY / ROTATIONAL TEMPERATURE / MOLECULAR BEAM / MICRO WAVE|
The formation process of water clusters were investigated experimentally, especially noticing the effect of the rotational energy of water molecules. The experimental apparatus is a conventional molecular beam machine with three stages of differential pumping. Water vapor were expanded freely through the nozzle into the vacuum to form a supersonic free jet. In the free jet, clustering of gaseous molecules takes place. The terminal concentrations of water clusters formed through the free jet were measured with a quadruple mass spectrometer. In this formation process, micro wave were irradiated on water molecules to excite the rotational energy level of water molecules. The obtained results are as follows ;
(1) The dimmer concentration is little affected by the solute species, Ar or N_2. The concentrations of larger clusters in H_2O-Ar mixtures are always larger than those in H_2O-N_2 mixtures. This results implies the possibility of the control of formation process of clusters by the con
trol of the internal energies of molecules.
(2) The marked effect of the excitation of the rotational energy of molecules on the cluster formation were not observed in these experiments.
(3) To increase the power of micro wave, the nozzle was inserted into the wavegaide but the marked effect of the excitation of the rotational energy of molecules on the cluster formation were not observed.
The reasons of this ineffectiveness of the rotational excitation were supposed as follows ;
(1) As the energy of the micro wave of 22.235GHz corresponds to the temperature difference of a few degrees, the amount of the energy which a water molecule absorbs is too small to have marked influence on the cluster formation.
(2) Even in the room temperature, the distribution of the rotational energy of water molecules is so wide that the J=5->6 excitation of the rotational energy of a water molecule only gives a very small effect on its distribution, then it cannot have marked influence on the cluster formation. Less
Research Output (5results)