The Effects of Atomic Hydrogen on Molecular Beam Epitaxy of GaAs and its Application to Selective Growth
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||Hiroshima University|
YOKOYAMA Shin. Research Center for Integrated Systems, Hiroshima University, Associate Professor, 集積化システム研究センター, 助教授 (80144880)
KAWABE Mitsuo. Institute of Materials Science, University of Tsukuba Professor, 物質工学系, 教授 (80029446)
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
|Keywords||Atomic hydrogen irradiation / Molecular beam epitaxy of GaAs / Selective growth / Anisotropic lateral growth / Low-temperature cleaning / 水素原子照射 / MBE / 選択成長 / 成長異方性 / 低温クリ-ニング / GaAs / 分子線エピタキシ- / 原子状水素 / MEE(Migration Enhanced Epitaxy)|
The target of this research is to reveal the effects of atomic hydrogen irradiation on the molecular beam epitaxy of GaAs and applying the results to the selective epitaxy, which means the selective deposition on the GaAs substrate and no deposition on the masked area covered by SiO_2 or Si_3N_4.
The expected effects are as follows.
(1) The change in the anisotropic lateral growth rate.
(2) The enhancement of surface migration of Ga, Al and As atoms.
(3) The control of the adsorption and desorption of Ga, Al and As atoms.
(4) The surface cleaning by eching the oxide.
Firstly, the anisotropic lateral growth is examined and the following results were obtained. There is large anisotropy in latera growth rate of GaAs and AlAl on (001) GaAs grown by MBE. With increasing the substrate temperature or decreasing As_4 pressure, the growth rate along  increases. From these results and the value of the activation energy of GaAs lateral growth rate along , it is concluded that the lateral gro
wth along  is limited by surface diffusion of Ga and Al. On the other hand, the growth rate along  is very small. Thelimiting process of this small growth rate is the small diffusion constant of Ga along  and/or the inactive Ga terminated steps.
The obtained effects of atomic hydrogen irradiation are as follows.
(1) Low-temperature cleaning of GaAs substrate by atomic hydrogen irradiation was achieved. Atomic hydrogen was provides by dissociation of hydrogen gas, which was carried out in a simple cracking cell with a 1500^ﾟC tungsten filament, Auger electron spectroscopy showed that carbon was removed at 200^ﾟC and oxygen was removed at 400^ﾟC by 30-min atomic hydrogen irradiation. The surface cleaning of GaAs was confirmed by the change of RHEED pattern from halo to streak after the hydrogen irradiation.
(2) The lateral growth rate along  is decreased by few percent by irradiating the atomic hydrogen. On the other hand the rate along  is reduced to - 30 % of the original rate by the atomic hydrogen irradiation. The eching of GaAs by the atomic hydrogen is considered as the origin of this fact.
(3) The temperature of the selective growth was lowered to 580^ﾟC by irradiating the atomic hydrogen during the growth. The eching reaction by atomic hydogen may contribute to the lowering of the selective-growth temperature. Less
Research Output (22results)