|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥300,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Anti-Ku autoantibodies in patients with PSS-PM overlap syndrome recognize a 70kD/80kD Protein heterodimer which selectively binds to terminal region of dsDNA. I have isolated and characterized cDNA clones that encode the Ku autoantigens. In this project, I utilized the cDNA clones for mapping of auto-epitopes, detection of gene polymorphism, and development of sensitive ELISA to detect anti-Ku autoantibocdies.
cDNA fragments encoding Ku-epitopes were isolated from epitope library which were made by restriction enzyme-digested Ku80-6(full-length cDNA encoding the 80kD-Ku subunit)and K68(partial cDNA encoding the 70kD-Ku subunit)using anti-Ku patient sera, and their amino acid sequences were determined. One epitope was mapped on the C-terminus of the 70kD-Ku and two epitopes were mapped on the C-terminal region of the 80kD-Ku subunit. Patient sera containing anti-Ku antibodies revealed various reactivities with these three epitopes, and their reactivities appeared to beassociated with cli
Genomic DNA extracted from periferal leukocytes of patients and normal subjects were digested with various restriction enzymes, fractionated with agarose gel, transfered to a nylon membrane and hybridized with radiolabeled cDNA encoding the Ku autoantigens. When DNA was digested with Hind Ill and hybridized with Ku80-6 cDNA, a 2.8kb-polymorphic band was recognized. This Polymorphism appeared to be encoded in an intron of the 80kD-Ku genome. It was noted that the 2.8kb-polymorphic band was recognized in all patients with SLE who had anti-U1RNP antibodies(11/11), but less frequent in antiU1RNP-negative SLE patients(4/9)and normal healthy controls(7/16).
Using purified fusion proteins with beta-galactosidase expressed from partial cDNAs encoding the 70kD-(KI4)and 80kD-(K71)Ku subunit, sensitive ELISA was developed to detect anti-Ku autoantibodies. In screening of sera from patients with various connective tissue diseases by ELISA, anti-Ku antibodies were detected in overlap syndrome most frequently, but not in other diseases, consisted with the result of a conventional immunodiffusion assay.
The cDNAs encoding autoantigens will be useful probes to study etiologic and pathogenetic mechanisms of autoimmune diseases. Less