Development on High Rate Treatment Process of Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) Reactor.
Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research.
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Nagaoka University of Technology|
MOMONOI Kiyoshi Faculty of Eng., Nagaoka Univ. of Tech. Professor, 工学部, 教授 (60003852)
原田 秀樹(1989) 長岡技術科学大学, 工学部, 助教授
桐山 光市 (株)荏原総合研究所, 第5研究室, 主任
TOYA Yasunori Research Dept. 5 Ebara Research co., LTD Researcher Chief, 第5研究室, 室長
荒木 信夫 国立長岡工業高等専門学校, 土木工学科, 助手 (30193072)
TAKIZAWA Satoshi Sewage Work Div., Public Works Research Institute Researcher, 土木研究所・下水道部, 研究員 (10206914)
HARADA Hideki Faculty of Eng., Nagaoka Univ. of Tech Assitant Professor, 工学部, 助教授 (70134971)
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥6,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥5,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,300,000)
|Keywords||UASB / granular sludge / anaerobic treatment / methane fermentation / UASB反応器 / 硫酸塩還元菌 / メタン菌 / 可溶化 / スラッジブランケット法 / 二相消化 / 酸発酵 / セルロ-ズ分解菌|
The technical feasibility of treatment of low strength wastewater by upflow anaerobic sludge blanket(UASB)reactor was experimentally investigated using an actual domestic wastewater and industrial wastewater of starch manufacturing factory. The results obtained from continuous flow experiment at treatment of an industrial wastewater are as followings :
l. It is possible to operate the reactor at high COD_<cr> loading rate, 25kg/m^3. d at the temperature around 35 ﾟC.
2. The removal efficiencies of soluble COD_<cr> and BOD (based on influent total COD_<cr>, BOD and effluent soluble COD_<cr>, BOD) both achieved to be 90%.
3. Total COD_<cr> removal efficiency (based on influent total COD_<cr> and effluet total COD_<cr>) decreased with increasing of COD_<cr> loading rate.
Also, SS removal rate decreased from 50% (COD_<cr> loading rate : 2.5kg/m^3. d) to 17% (COD_<cr> loading rate : 22kg/m^3d).
The results obtained using a domestic wastewater at a HRT of 4.7 hrs in the temperature range of 25 to 13ﾟC are as follows. The removal efficiency of total COD_<cr>, solid COD_<cr> and BOD achieved to be 70%, 80% and 85%, respectively.
The removal rates of total COD and soluble COD depend on the influent strength, but not on the temperature. On the other hand, the particulate organic matters in the influent were effectively removed by entrapment into the sludge bed. The hydrolysis rate of the entrapped organics within bed was significantly affected by temperature, that is, 58% of the entrapped particulate organics was liquefied at 25ﾟC, whereas only 33% at 13ﾟC.
Furthermore, observation of morphological structure of the sludge fed on the domestic wastewater by scanning electron microscopy revealed that the granules had a tendency to be partly cracked and to be in a state of autolysis, even though remaining granular forms as a whole. It is necessary to maintain UASB reactor at the temperature above 20ﾟC for treatment of low strength wastewater.
Research Output (10results)