Development of a Practical Test Method for Friction Between Cohesive Soil and Structure Foundation
Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research (B).
|Research Institution||Tokyo Institute of Technology|
KISHIDA Hideaki Tokyo Institute of Technology, The Graduate School at Department of Environmental Engineering Professor, 大学院・総合理工学研究科, 教授 (30016513)
TSUBAKIHARA Yasunori Tokyo Institute of Technology, The Graduate School at Department of Environmenta, 大学院総合理工学研究科, 助手 (10217367)
加倉井 正昭 株式会社竹中工務店, 技術研究所, 主任研究員
KAKURAI Masaaki Takenaka Corporation, Technical Institute Senior Research Staff
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
|Keywords||Friction / Cohesive Soil / Steel / Test Method / Simple Shear Test / Surface Roughness / Excess Pore Water Pressure / 摩擦 / 粘性土 / 鋼 / 試験方法 / 単純せん断試験 / 表面粗さ / 過剰間隙水圧 / 粘土 / 室内試験|
The purpose of this study is development of a practical test method for estimating the frictional resistance between cohesive soil and structure foundation. To start with, several sets of friction tests (1. and 2.) were carried out systematically to evaluate the efficiency of the test apparatus andto have a good grasp of the fundamental behavior of the friction. After that, friction tests (3.) were practiced with in-situ soil samples for estimating the skin frictions around piles.
The knowledge acquired through this study are as follows :
1. Friction tests between clay and steel :
(1) There is only the shear deformation of a clay sample until the shear stress reaches the maximum value.
(2) For smooth surface steel, the interface sliding occurs and the shear deformation of a clay sample stops after reaching the maximum shear stress.
(3) There is the boundary steel roughness, R_b : if the steel roughness is larger than R_b, the interface sliding does not occur and the frictional resistance reaches the upper limiting value which is equal to the shear strength of a clay sample.
2. Friction tests between cohesive soil and steel :
Clay-sand mixtures have been used as cohesive soil samples.
(1) The maximum shear stress is not affected by the clay-sand mixture ratio and steel roughness.
(2) The more richly a soil sample has sand, the larger R_b is.
(3) There is a complex behavior that the shear deformation of a soil sample occurs simultaneously with the interface sliding.
3. Friction tests with in-situ soil samples :
Two sets of friction tests were practiced by using undisturbed soil samples extracted from the ground around piles.
Since the frictional resistances were in reasonably agreement with the skin frictions around piles, there is a possibility of the application of the test method of this study to practical use.
Research Output (15results)