Studies on Slope Stabilization Methods and Development of Sedimentation Control System in Sloping Reclaimed Lands
Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research.
|Research Institution||Tokyo University of Agriculture|
ANASE Makoto Tokyo University of Agriculture, Agriculture, Professor, 農学部, 教授 (80015619)
高橋 悟 東京農工大学, 農学部, 講師 (40120133)
矢橋 晨吾 千葉大学, 園芸学部, 助教授 (10015654)
加藤 誠 東京農工大学, 農学部, 助手 (50015096)
鬼塚 宏太郎 東京農工大学, 農学部, 教授 (30014947)
YASUTOMI Rokuro Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Agriculture, Professor, 農学部, 教授 (10011892)
中 達雄 農林水産省, 農業工学研究所, 研究員
NARIOKA Hajime Tokyo University of Agriculture, Agriculture, Assistant Professor, 農学部, 助手 (70211448)
NAKA Tatsuo National Research Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agriculture, Researcher
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥8,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,900,000)
|Keywords||Farm Land Conservation / Land Reclamation / Soil Erosion / Sloping Area / Vortex Tube / Sediment Control System / 農地造成 / 農地保全 / 法面 / 土砂流亡 / 法面保護 / 渦動排砂管 / 侵食 / 土壌侵食 / 法面保全 / 凍結融解 / テンシオメ-タ / 水分ポテンシヤル / 法面侵食|
Studies were carried out on the subjects of soil conservation in farm lands and on the sedimentation control of waterborne soil in sloping reclaimed lands.
The test was conducted in a reclaimed field in Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan wherein meteorological observation and hydrological survey were carried out. Also, ground surface and underground temperatures during the winter season were regularly monitored and recorded. Soil properties and behavior were likewise investigated including erosion and soil loss measurement from the field and slope surfaces. It was found out that soil loss from the sloping surface was greater than from the field surface.
As one of the focus of this study, the effect of a thawinj or melting snow was investigated. When a snow starts to thaw and melt, soil particles can be detached and transported and in the process could cause considerable soil erosion. It is also known that soil loss during the winter season due to melting snow is larger compared to the soil loss during summer. However, in Japan, this phenomena is still largely unexplored owing io the lack of studies dealing on the erosion caused by melting snow in the cold areas of the country. Consequently though, the study was able to clear the mechanism of erosion in a snowy and cold area.
Another important part of the study tested the application of vortex tube in steep channels using the results obtained from the erosion study in a snowy and cold area. This study proposes a sedimentation control system using the vortex tube. Movement of soil from the upslope as a result of melting snow can destroy the low lying parts of a reclaimed area through sedimentation.
The results of these studies bring forth a new perspective which can scientifically and technically contribute to land reclamation and conservation in snowy or cold areas.
Research Output (9results)