Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Miyagi University of Education|
IZAWA Kosei Miyagi University of Education, 教育学部, 教授 (70072676)
BARBOSA Cesa 環境庁自然保護局(INDERENA), 研究員
MEJIA Carlos Los Andes University (Colombia), 理学部, 教授
平吹 喜彦 宮城教育大学, 教育学部, 助教授 (50143045)
原 正利 千葉県立中央博物館, 植物科長 (20250144)
木村 光伸 名古屋学院大学, 経済学部, 助教授 (50167376)
西邨 顕達 同志社大学, 工学部, 教授 (00027492)
大場 達之 千葉県立中央博物館, 副館長 (50124508)
CESAR Barbos 環境庁自然保護局(INDERENA), 研究員
CARLOS Mejia ロス, アンデス大学・理学部, 教授
CESAR BARBOS 環境庁(INDERENA)自然保護局, 専任研究員
CARLOS MEJIA ロス, アンデス大学・理学部, 教授
湯本 貴和 神戸大学, 理学部, 講師 (70192804)
竹原 明秀 岩手大学, 人文社会科学部, 助教授 (40216932)
BARBOSA Cesar INDERENA (Colombia)
YUMOTO Takakazu Koube University
TAKEHARA Akihide Iwate University
HARA Masatoshi Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba
KIMURA koshin Nagoya Gakuin University
HIRABUKI Yoshihiko Miyagi University of Education
OHBA Tatsuyuki Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba
NISHIMURA Akisato Doshisha University
|Project Fiscal Year
1990 – 1992
Completed(Fiscal Year 1992)
|Budget Amount *help
¥29,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥29,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥9,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,000,000)
|Keywords||New World monkeys / Chronological social structure / Patrilineal society / One-male group / Pair-group / Vegetation mapping, / dynamics of neotropical forests / 新世界ザル / 通時的社会構造 / 父系と母系 / 単雄群とペア型 / 複雄複雌群 / 熱帯雨林の動態 / 生態系遷移 / 共進化 / オマキザル科 / 群れ維持機構 / 群間関係 / 熱帯雨林動態 / 植物相 / 氾濫原植生遷移 / タケ科植物 / 母系の社会 / 父系の社会 / 仔殺し|
We carried out field studies for three years (1990-1992) in La Macarena of Colombia (1) on the chronological social structure of sympatrically living, seven New World monkey species and (2) on the architecture and dynamics of the neotropical forest as their habitats. Following results were obtained. As for the social structure,
1. capuchins (Cebus apella) lived in a multi-male and multi-female group, and member transfer primarily occurred for males. Division of group occurred on the basis of kinship relation.
2. Howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) basically lived in a one-male group, and member transfer occurred only for males. Infanticide when alphe-male of the group changed.
3. woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha) and spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) lived in a multi-male and multi-female group, and had patrilineal societies, that is, member transfer primarily occurred for females.
4. squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) lived in a multi-male and multi-female group, but males and females lived separately in their daily life.
5. Titis (Callicebus moloch) and night monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus) lived in a family group (pair-group), but they segregated their habitats and daily activities completely. As for the neotropical forest,
6.323 vascular plant species were identified among ca. 1,800 specimens collected in and around the study area.
7. Vegetation mapping were carried out both from regional and stand-scale points of view.
8. Vegetation succession at an expending meander bend was surveyed together with changes of micro-scale landform and physicochemical soil characteristics.
9. Population dynamics of Tessaria integrifolia and Baccharis salicifolia, pioneer shrubs of Asteraceae, were analyzed on newly deposited riverine soils.
10. co-evolutional significance of seed dispersal by monkeys and birds were studied in relation to their food habits and phenology of plant species.