Modernization of Southeast Asia and the Changes in Ethnic Chinese Societies
Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Toyo University|
IMATOMI Masami Toyo University (Faculty of Literature), 文学部, 教授 (20057889)
鍾 臨傑 シンガポール国立大学, 人民社会学部(CHENG LIM KEAK), 高級講師
荒井 茂夫 三重大学, 人文学部, 助教授 (00159477)
山下 清海 秋田大学, 教育学部, 助教授 (00166662)
小木 裕文 立命館大学, 国際関係学部, 助教授 (70160786)
山本 哲也 北九州大学, 外国語学部, 教授 (80047703)
太田 勇 東洋大学, 文学部, 教授 (00058009)
OTA Isamu Toyo University (Faculty of Literature)
YAMAMOTO Tetsuya Kita-Kyushu University (Faculty of Foreign Language Studies)
ARAI Shigeo Mie University (Faculty of Humanities)
OGI Hirofumi Ritsumeikan University (Faculty of International Relation Studies)
CHENG Lim Keak National University of Singapore (Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences)
YAMASHITA Kiyomi Akita University (Faculty of Education)
|Project Fiscal Year
1990 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
|Keywords||Malaysia / Singapore / Racial discrimination / Plural society / Chinese overseas / Ethnic Chinese / Ethnic identity / Malaysian Chinese literature / マレ-シア / シンガポ-ル / 差別 / 多元化社会 / 華僑 / 華人 / 民族のアイデンティティ / 馬華文学|
The purpose of this study is to investigate the difference of "Chineseness" between ethnic Chinese students of Malay (national language) and Chinese language high schools in Malaysia.
Melaka, a typical Malaysian city in which Chinese population is predominant, and Kota Baru, where Chinese people have been rather integrated with Malays, were chosen as places to conduct our field survey. More than seven hundred samples were collected in the two cities.
In addition, we visited several other areas, including Singapore and Brunei, to interview leaders of ethnic Chinese groups who are expected to provide us unpublished materials or unofficial information on language and cultural issues in Chinese communities.
The following results have been discussed so far :
1) Although there are no radical difference in "Chinese consciousness" in the students of two types of schools, the national language school students seem relatively open to their attitudes toward race relations or racial cultures.
2) The command of Chinese language of those high school students seems better in Melaka than in Kota Baru regardless their school types. Therefore, the Melaka students can approach Chinese classics easier and they could have more opportunities to maintain the traditional ideas. It does not mean, however, the Kota Baru students are less Chinese culture-oriented. Still they are very much interested in their cultural background.
3) There are at least two factors which make difference in the degree of the students' consciousness about "Chinese". The factors are the type of education medium and the population structure of areas. However, so far as ethnic Chinese have to remain in their in-group businesses under the discriminated political situation, they could have less incentive to disband their ethnic ties. As a result, Chinese language education will survive and "Chineseness" will also be exposed longer.
Research Output (11results)