Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Hosei University|
YASUOKA Akio Hosei Univ,/ Dept. of Lit./Prof., 文学部, 教授 (10061011)
梅木 哲人 長岡工業高等専門学校, 教授 (20185060)
王 耀華 福建師範大学, 教授
中本 正智 東京都立大学, 教授 (20083230)
東 喜望 白梅学園短期大学, 教授 (10113284)
小川 徹 関史大学, 沖縄文化研究所, 客員所員
中俣 均 法政大学, 文学部, 助教授 (60135895)
安江 孝司 法政大学, 第一教養部, 教授 (40061197)
櫻井 徳太郎 駒沢大学, 名誉教授 (30015341)
中村 哲 法政大学, 名誉教授 (40060868)
武者 英二 法政大学, 工学部, 教授 (10090664)
比嘉 実 法政大学, 沖縄文化研究所, 助教授 (50061221)
UNEKI Tetuto Nagoya Kogyo High Sch. Spec. Coll./Prof.
AZUMA Yosimochi Shiraume GAkuen JUN. Spec. Coll./Prof.
OGAWA Tooru Hosei Univ./ Okin. Cult. Cent. / Associate Prof.
NAKAMATA Hitosi Hosei Univ,/ Dept. of lit./Asst Prof.
YASUE Takasi Hosei Univ./1st Educ. Dept / Prof.
NAKAMURA Akira Hosei Univ./ Prof. Emeritus.
SAKURAI Tokutarou KOMAZAWA Univ./ Prof. Emeritus.
HIGA Minoru Hosei Univ./ Okin. Cult. Cent. / Asst. Prof.
MUSYA Eiji Hosel Univ./ Dept. of Engin./ Prof.
|Project Fiscal Year
1990 – 1992
Completed(Fiscal Year 1992)
|Budget Amount *help
¥18,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥18,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
|Keywords||Exchange between Fukien and the Ryukyuan Kingdom / Chinese envoys / tribute envoys / Stone construction / Tributary system / Chinese-Ryukyuan research st Fukian Teachers' University / Exchange among researchers / 福建省と琉球王国の交流 / 冊封使・進貢使 / 石造建築 / 冊封体制 / 福建師範大学の中琉研究 / 研究者間交流 / 在外公館・琉球館 / 琉球人墓群 / 媽祖・道教|
Official exchange between China and the Ryukyus began in 1373 when the Chuzan King sent a tribute to the Ming Emperor. However, coins unearthed in Okinawa from China's Warring States Period lead us to suppose that Chinese culture was brought to the islands much earlier. Although our mission focused on the period following the opening of official relations between the Ryukyus and China. We also recognize the need for research that depends on Langible historical materials and research that does not.
Research based on historical materials sheds light on the tribute relationship between the Ryukyuan Kingdom and China. According to such research, the tributary system that centered around China was unquestionably an extension of the rulersubject relationship within China. Historical research also provides precious information on the Ryukyuan-Chinese trade and of Ryukyuans living in Foochow.
Through different research methods-- such as following the tribute route from Fochow to Peking-- we tasted some of the trials and tribulations envoys experienced on the way to Peking. In peking we saw the Kuo Tzu Chien where students studied and lodged and we fathomed the role of Okinawa as a passageway of Chinese Knowledge to Japan.
By observing architectural elements in the Fukien reglon we found difinite similarities and differences between that area and Okinawa. The most important result of our research, however, was being able to work together with lacal researchers.
Chinese infulences on Okinawan beliefs and custom were also delineated.
Linguistically, We were able to confirm many Fukien introductions in the Okinawan language and discovered words that were thought to be of ancient Japanese origin.
In each field we were able work closely together with local researchers. We believe that it is important to continue comparative research on the two regions.