Study of Historical Geography on the Process of the Regional Development of Traditional Industries in China
Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Osaka University of Commerce|
TOMIOKA Gihachi Prof., School of Commerce and Economics Osaka Univ. of Commerce, 商経学部, 教授 (80090728)
鈕 仲〓 中国科学院, 地理研究所, 教授
瞿 寧淑 中国地理学会, 秘書長, 教授
陳 橋驛 杭州大学, 地理系, 教授
HARA Hidesada Assoc. Prof. School of Commerce and Economics Osaka Univ. of Commerce, 商経学部, 助教授 (80121614)
KAWASHIMA Kazuhito Assoc. Prof. Dept. of Geography, Ritsumeikan Univ., 文学部, 助教授 (90169714)
KATO Eiji Prof., Faculty of Education, Meijo Univ., 教職課程部, 教授 (30121495)
CHEN Qiao Yi Prof., Dept. of Geography, Hangzhou Univ.
NIU Zhong Xun Prof., Institute of Geography, The Academy of Sciences of China
QU Ning Shu Secretary-General (Prof.), Geographical Society of China
|Project Period (FY)
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
|Keywords||Linloufa Method / Louwan / Manners and Customs of Salt / Blacksmith / Rural Industry / The Location of Ceramic Industry / Silk Fabric Industry / The Location of Brewing Industry|
The purpose of this research project is to elucidate the process of development and the location of the traditional industries in China. We also try to compare Chinese traditional technologies with Japanese ones. This is because historically they have been influenced by Chinese ones. The areas of investigation are mainly located in the lower region of the Yangtze Kiang which was one of the most advanced regions in China.
G. Tomioka was engaged in the study of salt making in Hangzhou and Zhoushan islands. As a result, it became clear that there are two types of the way for making salt in these areas. The first is Huilinfa method, and the second is Tulinfa method. These had not changed from the Yuan Dynasty to the beginning of Republican Period.
Qu Ning Shu studied the idea that salt is so sacred and clean from the geographical viewpoint. This is conceived by the people who are living along the Silk Road.
K. Kawashima made clear the existence of blacksmiths in rural China. The site of a bellows in a workshop is totally different from that in Japan. The change in rural industries since 1949 has a close relation with the traditional craftsmen.
E. Kato analyzed the location of ceramic industry. It can be explained from the relation with river transportation. As well, how to grind the raw materials and the structure of kilns are very different from those in Japan.
Chen Qiao Yi found that the progress in silk fabric industry is affected by the traditional technology.
Niu Zhong Xun studied the relation with brewing industry and climate conditions.
Research Output (8results)