Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||National Museum of Ethnology|
YOSHIDA Shuji Associate Professor, the 2nd Research Department, National Museum of Ethnology, 第2研究部, 助教授 (90099953)
ティト アドニス インドネシア文化庁, 歴史・文化局, 研究典
ズルヤニ ヒダヤ インドネシア文化庁, 歴史・文化局, 研究員
KAWASAKI Ippei Visiting Lecturer in Anthropology, School of Medicine, Fukita Gakuen Health Univ, 非常勤講師
TOYODA Yukio Associate Professor, Department of International Studies, Faculty of Economics,, 経済学部, 助教授 (20197974)
KUMAGAI Keichi Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, Hannan University, 経済学部, 助教授 (80153344)
SAITO Hisahumi Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Sociology, Chukyo Unive, 社会学部, 助教授 (10170523)
YOSHIMOTO Shinobu Associate Professor, the 2nd Research Ddpartment, National Museum of Ethnology, 第2研究部, 助教授 (10124231)
ADONIS Tito Staff of Directorate General History and Traditional Values, Directorate General
HIDAYA Zulyani Staff of Directorate General History and Traditional Values, Directorate General
|Project Period (FY)
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥9,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥9,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,000,000)
|Keywords||Papua New Guinea / Sepik Hills / Ethnograpy / Kapriman / Bahinemo / Yabio / Iwam / Kakra|
The aim of this project is to clarify the differences and similarities among the cultures of the New Guinea Highlands fringe areas, especially of the Sepik area, through combining intensive and extensive research. There are 8 big branches of the Sepik River, and our 7 researchers covered 7 of 8 branches in order to carry on intensive research of each culture. These cultures are, the Kapriman along the Karawari River, the Bahinemo along the April River, the Yabio along the Wario River, and the Iwam along the May River (other two ethnic groups, the Waxei along the Korosameri River and the Mari along the Salumei River, were not investigated in this time because the study of the Waxei culture was nearly complete and the Mari people have moved to the upper part of the river for working at a mining company at the time).
Since many small ethnic groups including the Kapriman live in the area of the Karawari River and the Black Water, interーrelationship among the groups and migration are importa
nt topics in the area. The Bahinemo people are relatively isolated and keep their own traditional culture. The researcher of the Bahinemo was focused on their rituals and mythology. On the Yabio culture, their social structure was focused because they have no ward 'family' and they organize the society rather loosely. In the May River area, the subsistence and magic of the Iwam were studied as a part of their ethnography. The Kakra culture was investigated instead of the Mari. The Kakra people live along downstream of the Sepik and their culture once had been studied. Song and dance are bought and sold there. It's phenomenon is closely related with distribution of cultural elements in the Sepik area.
Through individual intensive research, general features of the Sepik Hills became clear : Their ancestors mainly originated from the Highlands and they moved to the Sepik Basin. When they migrated to the Sepik they met other ethnic groups and they joined each other so that they made another new ethnic group there. At that time, 'totemic' belief was effected : If they have the same totemic plants or animals, they identified as the same group and joined. Although we expected that they moved along the rivers by canoe, some groups migrated across the tropical swamp forest by foot. Such a migrationwas often and the groups were broken and made new groups repeatedly.
In order to expand our study on the cultures of the Highland fringe areas, we tried to carry preliminary research in the Asmat area and Irian Jaya. We could not reach the upper stream of the North West River, however we understood there were still unーcontacted people in the area. As it is difficult to find unーcontacted people in Papua New Guinea, it seems to be a last area to able to study the culture which is not influenced from outside. If we can contact with them, we will be able to observe the original life style of the Papuan people. Less