Studies on Anticancer Agents from Ethnic Crude Drugs and Unused Medicinal Resources in East Africa
Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Section||Special Cancer Research|
|Research Institution||Kobe Women's College of Pharmacy|
KATO Atsushi Professor, Kobe Women's College of Pharmacy, 薬学部, 教授 (50068326)
カ゛ッチャシ F.N. ケニア林業研究所, 分類, 技術員
ムシュ E.N. ダレスサレム大学, 医学研究所, 部長
オゲット J.O. ナイロビ大学, 薬学部, 講師
ジュマ F.D. ナイロビ大学, 医学部, 教授
猪之鼻 由美 神戸女子薬科大学, 薬学部, 助手
立花 陽子 神戸女子薬科大学, 薬学部, 助手 (20207054)
戸部 博 京都大学, 教養部, 助教授
GACHATHI F. N. Head of Technician, Kenya Forest Institute
MSHIU E. N. Dar Es Salaam University Director, Traditional Medicine Research Unit.
OGET J. O. University of Nairobi Associate professor, Department of Pharmacy
INOHANA Yumi Assistant, Kobe Women's College of Pharmacy
JUMA F. D. University of Nairobi Professor, Department of Medicine
TOBE Hiroshi Associate professor, Kyoto University
TACHIBANA Yoko Assistant, Kobe Women's College of Pharmacy
|Project Fiscal Year
1990 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
|Keywords||Anticancer substance / Anticancer component in plant / Antipromotion on EB-virus activation / African ethnic crude drug / Sulfer containing alkaloid / Anticancer indol alkaloid / Rhizophoraceae / Apocynaceae / 制ガン物質 / 制ガン性植物成分 / EBウイルス活性化抑制 / アフリカ民族生薬 / 含イオウアルカロイド / 制ガン性インド-ルアルカロイド / ヒルギ科 / キョウチクトウ科|
Many naturally occurring anticancer substances have been isolated from plants and marine products, and also their chemical modification are tried for further effect and safety as medicine in various institutes. Some of these compounds are used as clinical medicines in hospital. Furthermore, study on anticancer substance in natural resources is desired for the future. Therefore, in order to find new anticancer substances in tropical plants, field research in East Africa, especially, in Kenya, Tanzania and Madagascar was carried out by us in 1990.
1. Research areas
(1) Kenya ; Kakamega, Kaloleni, Shimba hill, Aberdare, the foot of Mt. Kenya, Muguga, Karura forest, Arboretum.
(2) Madagascar ; Foulpointe, Antananarivo market.
(3) Tanzania ; Mpwapwa.
2. Search and collection of natural medicinal plants
(1) For ethnic crude drugs
(a) by oral information or references
(2) For unused medicinal resources
(a) by observation of ecology of plants
(b) by observation of feeding behavior of herbivore
(c) by screening test of others identified taxonomically
A total of 150 species of plants was collected during the research. Among these plants, 15 species are expected to exhibit anticancer activity from results of first screening tests such as inhibition test on EB-virus activation and stimulation index on human peripheral blood lymphocytes and mouse spleen lymphocytes.
For the other species, screening test of anticancer activity will be done to select useful plants.
Research Output (4results)