Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University|
ADACHI Osao Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University, 農学部, 教授 (20027189)
SCHROVER H デルフト工学大学, 大学院生
GROEN B.W. デルフト工科大学, 技官
JONGEJAN J.A デルフト工科大学, 助教授
FRANK.J. デルフト工科大学, 助教授
DUINE J.A. デルフト工学大学, 教授
品川 恵美子 宇部高等専門学校, 助教授 (20116726)
飴山 實 関西大学, 工学部, 教授 (90022053)
滝本 晃一 山口大学, 農学部, 教授 (00115875)
山田 守 山口大学, 農学部, 助教授 (30174741)
松下 一信 山口大学, 農学部, 助教授 (50107736)
SCHROVER H. デルフト工科大学, 大学院生
BAREND G. デルフト工科大学, 技官
JOGEJAN J.A デルフト工科大学, 助教授
FRANK J. デルフト工科大学, 助教授
DUINE J.A デルフト工科大学, 教授
P Postma デルフト工科大学, 助教授
G Barend デルフト工科大学, 技官
J Jongejan デルフト工科大学, 助教授
J Frank デルフト工科大学, 助教授
J Duine デルフト工科大学, 教授
外山 博英 山口大学, 農学部, 助手 (60240884)
G.BAREND Technician, Delft University of Technology
J.JONGEJAN Associate Professor, Delft University of Technology
J.FRANK Associate Professor, Delft University of Technology
J.A.DUINE Professor, Delft University of Technology
TOYAMA Hirohide Research Associate, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University
TAKIMOTO Kohichi Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University
H.SCHROVER Postgraduate student, Delft University of Technology
AMEYAMA Minoru Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Kansai University
SHINAGAWA Emiko Associate Professor, Ube Technical College
MATSUSHITA Kazunobu Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University
YAMADA Mamoru Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University
P.POSTMA Associate Professor, Delft University of Technology
|Project Fiscal Year
1990 – 1992
Completed(Fiscal Year 1992)
|Budget Amount *help
¥19,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥19,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥7,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥6,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,600,000)
|Keywords||Pyrroloquinoline quinone / quinoprotein / methanol dehydrogenase / PQQ-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase / ピロロキノリンキノン / キノプロテイン / メタノール脱水素酵素 / キノプロテインアルコール脱水素酵素 / ピロロキノリンキノン(PQQ) / メタノ-ル脱水素酵素 / アルコ-ル脱水素酵素 / グルコ-ス脱水素酵素 / エタノ-ル脱水素酵素 / チトクロムC|
The quinoprotein dehydrogenase has been classified into four groups according to their localization and characterization :
(1) methanol dehydrogenase in methylotrophs,
(2) quinoprotein alchold dehydrogenase from non-methylotrophic bacteria, when they are grown on ethanol as sole carbon source.
(3) Quinohemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase is formed as apo-enzyme in Commamonas testosteroni, while Pseudomonas putida forms holo-enzyme when they are grown on primary alcohols as the carbon source.
(4) Quinohemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase-cytochrome c complex is formed is formed in the cytoplasmic membranes of acetic acid bacteria.
During the course of this research program, the following new findings have been added to clear up the function of pyrroloquinoline quinone and quinoproteins.
(1) Membrane-bound, pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent, alcohol dehydrogenase functions as the primary dehydrogenase in the respiratory chain of acetic acid bacteria. An ability of the enzyme to directly react with
ubiquinone was investigated in alcohol dehydrogenases purified from both Acetobacter aceti and Gluconobacter suboxydans. The reconstitution of alcohol oxidase was done by binding the detergent-free dehydrogenase at room temperature to proteoliposomes that had been prepared in advance from a ubiquinol oxidase and phospholipids containing ubiquinone by detergent dialysis using octyl-glucoside. The proteoliposomes thus reconstituted had a reasonable level of ethanol oxidase activity, the electron transfer reaction of which was also able to generate a membrane potential.
(2) Methanol and ethanol oxidase respiratory chains of the methylotrophic acetic acid bacterium, Acetobacter methanolicus, was investigated. In this study, an 32 KDa peptide was found in alternative type of methanol dehydrogenase which contained three different subunits two of which corresponded to alpha-subunit and beta-subunit. The third subunit was finally concluded to be the MoxJ product in methanol oxidase, because the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the peptide showed a high homology to that of MoxJ gene from Paracoccus denitrificans or Methylobacterium extorquens AMl.
(3) Pseudomonas putida HK5, isolated from soil and identified thereafter, produced three different quinoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase as holo-enzyme. When grown on ethanol, it produced a quinohemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase, While grown on glycerol, another quinohemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase which can oxidize glycerol. The third type of quinoprotein alcohol dehyderogenase was similar to those found in non-methylotrophic bacteria which were grown on ethanol. The third alcohol dehydrogenase contained no heme component and was not able to oxidize alcohol with potassium ferricyanide as an electron acceptor. Less