Restoration and Preservation of Urban Estuarine Ecosystems
Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Ohu University|
KURIHARA Yasushi School of Dentistry, Ohu University, 歯学部, 教授 (90004259)
KAUSH H. ハンブルグ大学, 水園研究所, 教授
BATTAGLIA Bruna Department of Biology, University of Padua, 理学部, 教授
GREENWOOD Jack Zoology Department, University of Queensland, 理学部, 助教授
HAILSTONE Thomas Zoology Department, University of Queensland, 理学部, 助教授
KIKKAWA Jiro Zoology Department, University of Queensland, 理学部, 教授
YOSHIDA Shoiti School of Dentistry, Ohu University, 歯学部, 教授 (50083407)
OKADA Mitsumasa Dept. of Chemical Engineer., Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology, 工学部, 助教授 (70124336)
KIKUCHI Eisuke Faculty of Science, Tohoku University, 理学部, 助教授 (00004482)
KAUSCH Hartmut Institute Hydrobiologie ung Fischeereiw., University of Humbrug
|Project Period (FY)
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Keywords||Urban Estuary / Land Reclamation / Port Development / Natural Landscapes / Environmental Conservation / Migratory Waders / Global Diagnostic Feature / Monitoring Program|
Urban estuaries have suffered the greatest environmental damage in all types of coastal development. The situation has been exacerbated in recent years bay accelerating population growth in urban areas, increased load of associated waste materials in water-sheds, and pressures from land reclamation for industrial, residential, agricultural and port development. Today, the estuarine ecosystems near many urban areas have lost most of their original life-supporting functions as well as natural landscapes.
The objective of the current program is to develop international collaborative research, which will monitor environmental conditions of urban estuaries in selected parts of the populated world and exchange information and research findings for the restoration of damaged estuaries as part of a global movement for environmental conservation. In addition to drawing up a common profile of environmental destruction and pollution in the estuaries, we propose to explore the use of migratory waders as a global diagnostic feature of environmental degradation.
In 1990 Japanese participants contacted foreign scientists conducting research in this field and inspected field sites suitable for collaborative research. There was also much discussion on the present status of estuarine conditions in Japan, Germany, Netherlands, Italy and Australia, and on the methodology of study. Two overseas scientists were invited to visit important urban estuaries and met scientists in Japan with a view to developing a collaborative monitoring grogram, initially using migratory birds. In Moreton Bay, Australia, both the migratory waders and their feeding and roosting sites in the estuaries were monitored and a method of assessing habitat values by substrate was developed for testing in Japan and Australia.
Research Output (5results)