Preventive method against exudation of wood resin by chemical conversion
Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research (B).
|Research Institution||Shizuoka University|
KAI Yuji Shizuoka Univ., Fac. of Agr., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (60022068)
野橋 健三 静岡県工業技術センター, 主任研究員
TAKI Kinji Shizuoka Univ., Fac. of Agr., Associate Professor, 農学部, 助教授 (00022252)
HIRAI Nobuyuki Shizuoka Univ., Fac. of Agr., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (70023439)
TERATANI Fumiyuki Shizuka Univ., Fac. of Agr., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (50022174)
YOSIDA Hiroaki Shizuoka Univ., Fac. of Agr., Professor, 農学部, 教授 (10126790)
|Project Fiscal Year
1990 – 1991
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥6,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,600,000)
|Keywords||Prevention of Resin Exudation / Light-induced Discoloration / Semicarbazide / Douglas Fir / Larch / Adhesive Property / Painting / ヤニ浸出防止 / 光変色防止 / セミカルバジド / ベイマツ / カラマツ / 接着性 / 塗装性 / クロマツ / 加圧注入|
(1) Prevention of resin exudation and light-induced discoloration in wood
A treatment with semicarbazide prevented resin exudation in the woods of kuro-matsu, Japanese larch and Siberian larch as well as Douglas fir wood. This treatrment also prevented light-induced discoloration in Douglas fir and kuro-matsu woods, but accelerate it in the woos of both larches.
(2) Inpregnation of chemicals into wood
In regard to impregnation into Douglas fir wood, it was found that 1) a stage of decoimpression before pressurization was effective, 2) it was more effective that pressure under 1 Kg/cm2 per minute was added on the process of pressurization, 3) maximum pressure above 13 Kg/ c, -. 92 was necessary, 4) the optimum moisture content in the wood was 17%.
(3) Changes of resin components during a treatment with semicarbazide
During a semicarbazide treatment, it was found that a part of resin components was dissolved in a semicarbazide solution or converted to n-hexane insolubles, and 1.48 - 0.59% of nitrogen was introduced into the residual resin coriponents to increase the viscosity of it.
(4) Painting of the wood treated with semicarbazide
The Douglas fir wood treated with seiaicarbazide did not have the troubles in painting, and not decrease the effect of prevenntion against light-induced discoloration.
(5) Adhesive property of the wood treated with semicarbazide
It was found that the Douglas fir wood treated with semicarbazide did not obstruct the ability of vinyl acetate resin adhesives.
Research Output (4results)