|Budget Amount *help
¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
The relationship between the psycho-social stress during pregnancy and perinatal period and the developmental process of mothers and infants was examined longitudinally. The subjects were 8 mothers as pilot cases and 56 mothers and their infants. As variables of mothers, the degree of psycho-social stress, quality of marital relationship, social support system, self concept, attitudes towards maternity and their babies, memory of the quality of relationship with their own parents, and mothering behaviors to their babies were measured. And as variables of infants, temperamental characteristics and quality of attachment were measured. Assessments were performed twice in pregnancy, and 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months each. The assessments of pregnancy, 1 and 9 months were performed using questionnaire and the assessments of 3, 6, 12 and 18 months were performed by hoite observation and interview. The quality of attachment was assessed using Q-technique and revised Strange Situation procedur
e at 12 and 18 months. The assessment of 12 months was proceeding. The assessment of 18 month have performed in just pilot cases.
As results, it was found that the degree of psycho-social stress in pregnancy and perinatal period influenced to mother's psychological well-being. The change of family system and the change of life style caused by the birth of baby also influenced to mother's psychological well being and the developmental process of maternity. During postnatal period, the mothers frequently felt psychological and physical exhaustion. However, if they could receive substantial support from their husbands and their own mothers, the noxious effects of stress were buffered and weakened. It was also found that the mother's experiences with their own mothers affected their attitudes towards maternity and behaviors to husbands and babies.