|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
In order to clarify the mechanism of immunodeficiency mediated by human retrovirus infection, we investigated the functional alterations of T cells following infection with human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I), which is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia. Herpes simplex virus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ human cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) clones and T-cell receptor-gammadelta + T-cell clones were established. These clones were infected with HTLV-I by co-culture with a HTLV-I-producing T cell line. During the continuous culture of HTLV-I-infected T-cell clones, two distinct phases were observed in terms of cytotoxic activity and expression of the CD3-TCR complex. Early after HTLV-I infection, CTL lost their cytotoxic activity, but this was restored by the addition of lectin. At this time, no differences were observed in the expression of various surface molecules between HTLV-I-infected and uninfected parent cells, except for increased expression of CD25 on HTLV-I-infected cells. On the other hand, late after HTLV-I infection, the cytotoxicity, of HTLV-I-infected cells was almost completely lost, even in the presence of lectin, and expression of the CD3-TCR complex on the cell surface was markedly decreased. Concomitant with the decreased expression of CD3-TCR complex, a decrease in the elevation of cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration induced by anti-CD3 and anti-TCR monoclonal antibodies was also observed. Our present findings thus show that T-cell functions are profoundly affected by HTLV-I infection through at least two distinct phases.