Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo|
HANEDA Masashi Associate Professor, Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 東洋文化研究所, 助教授 (40183090)
OGURA Yasushi Research Associate, Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 東洋文化研究所, 助手 (80214104)
HAYASHI Kayoko Assistant Professor, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, 外国語学部, 講師 (30208615)
FUJII Keisuke Associate Professor, Faculty of Technology, University of Tokyo, 工学部, 助教授 (50156816)
YOKOYAMA Tadashi Professor, College of Liberal Arts, University of Tokyo, 教養学部, 教授 (80012417)
三浦 徹 お茶の水女子大学, 文教育学部, 助教授 (00199952)
小牧 昌平 上智大学, 外国語学部, 専任講師 (30195838)
|Project Period (FY)
1991 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥16,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥16,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥7,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥7,000,000)
|Keywords||Islam / Mosque / Garden / Medina / Religious Institutions / Tunisia / Suq / City / イスラム都市 / イスラム建築 / イスラム庭園 / 街区 / マドラサ / 都市空間 / イスラム世界|
The main field research of the last year of our project was carried out in September 1993 in Tunisia after the separate research in each member's field. Principal activities of the field work of this year in Tunisia are the followings :
1. Investigation on the urban plan of Tunisian main cities such as Tunis, Kairouan, Sfax, Souse, Mahdiya and Monastir. Locality and distribution of the religious institutions such as Mosques, Madrasas and Mausolea were our principal interests. The location of doors of such religious institutions was recorded on the city map as well.
2. Investigation on the suq (market), one of the characteristics of the "Islamic City". The distribution of shops, the lease contract of each shop (owner-tenant relation) and the carrier of the shop owner were our main themes.
3. Investigation on the traditional urban dwelling in the medina of Tunis.
4. Examination of the process of building and re-building of Zaytuna Mosque in Tunis and the Great Mosque in Kairouan from the point of view of the architectural history.
5. Examination of the remains of garden and research on the role of gardens in urban society.
6. Visit to the Center of Islamic Studies in Kairouan and the Center d' etudes et de reserches Ottomanes, Morisques, de documentation et d' information in Zaghouan. Collection of documentation in these centers.
7. Confirmation of the distinction between Morocco and Tunisia which are generally considered as having a common cultural background.
After putting in order the collected materials and analyzing the obtained results of this three-year project, we intend to organize another field research project centering on the religious institutions in various Islamic countries.