The Systematic Observation of the Thundercloud and Lightning
Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Osaka University Faculty of Engineering|
MATSUURA Kenji Osaka University Faculty of Engineering, 工学部, 教授 (70112018)
M. BROOK アメリカ合衆国ニューメキシコ鉱工科大学, 名誉教授
V. MAZUR アメリカ合衆国商務省海洋気象局, 研究員
D. RUST アメリカ合衆国商務省海洋気象局, 部長
KAWASAKI Zen-Ichiro Osaka University Faculty of Engeineering, 工学部, 助教授 (60126852)
NAKANO Minoru Toyota college of Technology, 教授 (50023685)
TAKAGI Nobuyuki Gifu University Faculty of Engineering, 工学部, 助教授 (80179415)
ARIMA Izumi Gifu University Faculty of Engineering, 工学部, 教授 (30021570)
BROOK M. University of New Mexico
MAZUR.V NOAA NSSL U.S.A.
RUST D. NOAA NSSL U.S.A.
BROOK M. ニューメキシコ鉱工大学(アメリカ合衆国), 名誉教授
MAZUR V. 商務省, 海洋気象局(アメリカ合衆国), 研究員
RUST D. 商務省, 海洋気象局(アメリカ合衆国), 部門長
|Project Period (FY)
1991 – 1992
Completed(Fiscal Year 1992)
|Budget Amount *help
¥9,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,500,000)
|Keywords||Lightning / Initiation / Electromagnetic Wave / Optical Measurement / 雷活動 / 電界観測 / 放電路 / 電光観測 / レ-ダ観測|
The systematic thunderstorm observation was caraaid out at Orlando, Florida during the thunderstrom season in 1993. Concerning the Japanese scientist groups, Osaka University is assigned to the electric field change observation at the two different points simultaneously using the newly developed wideband slow antenna. Gifu University is assigned to the observation of a lightning channel by a video camera and by an optical measurement system which maintains the high spatial resolution and we can obtain an idea on the lightning channel variation in the direction of the diameter. Gifu University also equipped an optical measurement system with which they can discriminate the time difference of so called simultaneous multi point lightning strikes. On the other hand concerning the group of U.S., National Severe Storm Laboratory (NSSL) is assigned to taking high speed video pictures of lightning channels by a hand made whole sky camera. New Mexico Tech is assigned to the operation of the VHF imaging system of lightning channel in side the thundercloud.
Since the lightning discharge is a transient phenomena which is sometimes shorter than 1 sec., the most laborious work for the multi point observation is the operation of the common and accurate time standard. Normally we use the transient memory to record the observed signals and To produce the common trigger signal is often difficult, We equipped the two slow antenna 2.5 km away each other and we decided that for the trigger signal of the systems The luminous signal emitted from lightnings discharges is used. We are convinced the excellent synchronization of recorded data at two different point without the real time connection.
We had eight thunderstorm days in early August and captured many preferable data. Those are surely effective to understand the mechanism of simultaneous multi point lightning strikes. The analysis is undertaken at each Institute.
Research Output (18results)