Production Potential and Costs of Japonica Rice in U. S. A.
Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Tottori University|
ITO Shoichi Tottori University, Faculty of Agriculture, 農学部, 助教授 (30222425)
LIVEZEY Janet United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 経済調査局(米国), 稲作情報担当官
RUTGER Neil University of California, College of Agriculture, デービス校・農学部, 教授
MOORE Charles University of California, Center for Cooperatives, 協同組合研究所, 専門官
GERLOW Arthur Texas A&M University, College of Agriculture, 農学部, 教授
WAILES Eric J. University of Arkansas, College of Agriculture, 農学部, 助教授
KASAHARA Kouzo Ditto, 農学部, 教授 (60135837)
FUJII Yoshinori Ditto, 農学部, 教授 (20032097)
HIGUCHI Hideo Ditto, 農学部, 教授 (60032083)
HONNA Toshimasa Tottori University, Faculty of Agriculture, 農学部, 助教授 (90093624)
INAMOTO Shiro Kyoto University, Faculty of Agriculture, 農学部, 教授 (80026468)
|Project Period (FY)
Completed(Fiscal Year 1991)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
|Keywords||United States of America / Japonica rice / Production potential / Production costs|
This research was focused on production potential of japonica rice in the United States. Japonica rice in the U. S. is mainly produced in California. However, California has been suffering from six consecutive year drought, which has caused more rice diversion than ever before and change in decision making strategies. On the other hand, water shortage problems do not exist in the southern rice producing states, especially in Arkansas where rice production is much greater than any other states. Upon reduction in rice acreage in California in 1991, rice production in Arkansas increased considerably, and a large portion of the increase was planted to medium grain, the type of rice popular in California.
Regarding japonica rice varieties, it had been long believed that the southern states were not suitable. According to our research, however, some varieties developed in California may be well adopted in Arkansas. It was also found during the research that rice experiment stations in individual states often have territorial behavior or "regionalism" in which they rival against one another and tend to avoid to accept varieties developed in other states. Therefore, it is necessary to keep this in mind when one investigates potential of production of a new variety.
We came to an agreement with an Arkansas rice producer, who has been partially producing japonica rice during the last few years, to provide each other with data and other production related information. This arrangement should equip us with real data for further research to evaluate potential of japonica rice production in the South, in particular. Because of strict environment protection requirements and water shortages, it is economically quite difficult to expand rice production in California. It appears that the southern states have greater potential of increase in rice production in general and japonica rice.
Research Output (4results)