王 新平 北京大学, 地質学系, 副教授
安 太庠 北京大学, 地質学系, 教授
江崎 洋一 大阪市立大学, 理学部, 助手 (60221115)
前島 渉 大阪市立大学, 理学部, 講師 (20173700)
AN Taixiang Professor, Institute of Geoscience, Pecking University
WANG Xinping Associate Professor, Institute of Geoscience, Peking University
MAEJIMA Wataru Lecturer, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University
EZAKI Yoichi Research Associate, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University
Environmental change and process of mass extinction of Paleozoic organisms in Yangtze Block during Late Paleozoec to Early Mesozoec time
The main purpose of this project was to study the environmental changes and the processes of mass extinction of Paleozoic or, anisms at the end Permian. Emphasis was placed to clarify the vertical distributions of such mega- and microfossils as corals, radiolarians, conodonts and fusulinids through continuous straligraphc successions of the Permian to Triassic in the Yangize Block. In addition, we aimed to reconstruct the sedimentary environments across the Permian-Triassic boundary.
The studied areas were west Guizhou and central to west Guangxi both on the Yangize Block. Following twelve sections (1-7 in Guizhou and 8-12 in Guangxi) were studied.
1. Chouzushan (17km north of Anshun), G-H-I, 20m ; 2. Maoshachin (34km south of Ziyun), D-G-I, 400m ; 3. Saiwa (18km south of Ziyun), P3, 1100m ; 4. Taizucho (Guiyang), E-G-H-I, 240m ; 5. Duraying (Guiyang), C
-E-G-I-J, 40m+ ; 6. Dwansha (85km south of Guiyang), D-G-I-K, 220m ; 7. Nashui (40km southwest of Luodian), D3-T1 ; 8. Tungtienyien (20km south of Liuzhou), A-B, 40m+ ; 9. Niumuping (10km northeast of Liuzhou), F-H, 200m+ ; 10. Linalang (20km east-northeast of Pingguo), D3-T1, 450m+ ; 11. Tsiping (20km northwest of Pingguo), A-C-F-K, 70m+ ; 12. Guofualungchiu (20km west of Pingguo), P-T1, 50m+
(A) Chibsia Formation [P21] ; (B) Kufebg Fm. : (C) Maokou Fm. [P2, 2] ; (D) Wujiaping Fm. : (E) Lungtan Fm. : (F) Hoshan Fm. [P31] ; (G) Changxing Fm. : (H) Talung Fm. [P32] ; (I) Tayeh Fm. : (J) Yehlang Fm. : (K) Luolou Fm. [T11]
In each section, litho- and biostratigraphic studies and systematic sampling of fossils and sedimentary rocks were carried out.
The Upper Permian is divided into three lithofacies ; carbonate, clastic and reworked-carbonate, and clastic and siliceous facies, which are equivalent to platform, slope and basin sediments, respectively. The uppermost Permian is conformably overlain by the Lower Triassic clastic rocks.
2. Sedimentary facies
The Lungtan Formation reveals coarsening-upward sequences of a deltaic origin as well as occasional occurrences of tidal flat deposits. The calcareous turbidite facies locally shows cyclic sedimentation demonstrated stacked thinning-upward sequences. Clastic facies of the Lower Triassic is interpreted as the shallow marine deposits as revealed by common presence of hummocky cross-stratification.
Rugose corals are common in the Middle Permian, but are sparse in the Upper Permian (Wujiaping and Changxin, Formations). Corals are facies-dependent and are variable in taxonomic composition from area to area. The uppermost Permian limestones occasionally contain abundant sponges and show bird's-eye structure. Radiolarians are abundant, especially in the Talung Formation of siliceous rocks. Less