Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||The University of Tokyo|
MACHINAMI Rikuo Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 医学部(医), 教授 (30010052)
WEGENER Kurt Stadtischen Krankenanstalten, Ludwigshafen, 病理部, 部長
WESCH Horst German Cancer Research Center, 研究員
KAUL Alexand 連邦放射線防護機関, 機関長
VAN Kaick Ge ドイツ癌研究センター, 放射線部, 教授
石川 雄一 癌研究会癌研究所, 病理部, 研究員 (80222975)
森 武三郎 放射線医学総合研究所, 特別研究員 (00124248)
岩田 志郎 京都大学, 原子炉実験所, 名誉教授 (50027398)
神代 正道 久留米大学, 医学部, 教授 (90080580)
志賀 淳治 帝京大学, 医学部, 教授 (10110694)
神山 隆一 東京医科歯科大学, 医学部, 教授 (20014095)
畠山 茂 東京医科歯科大学, 医学部, 名誉教授 (30045926)
WESCH HORST ドイツ癌研究センター, 放射線部, 研究員
WEGENER KURT ルードヴィヒハフェン市立病院, 病理部, 部長
KAUL ALEXAND 連邦放射線防護庁, 機関長
VAN Kaick GE ドイツ癌研究センター, 放射線部, 教授
KAUL Alexander Bundesamt fur Strahlenschutz
KAICK Gerhard van German Cancer Research Center
ISHIKAWA Yuichi Cancer Institute, Tokyo
MORI Takesaburo National Institute of Radiological Sciences
IWATA Shiro Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University
SHIGA Junji Faculty of Medicine, Teikyo University
KOJIRO Masamichi Faculty of Medicine, Kurume University
HATAKEYAMA Shigeru Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University
KAMIYAMA Ryuiichi Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University
|Project Fiscal Year
1991 – 1992
Completed(Fiscal Year 1992)
|Budget Amount *help
¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
|Keywords||Alpha-ray / Internal exposure / Thorotrast / Malignant tumor / Histopathological diagnosis / Epidemiology / Radon / Comparison between Japanese and German / アルファ線 / 内部被曝 / トロトラスト / 悪性腫瘍 / 病理組織学的診断 / 疫学 / ラドン / 日独比較 / 肝悪性腫瘍 / 白血病 / 肺癌|
In order to compare the racial difference of alpha ray late effects between Japanese and German, 2 Japanese researchers were sent to Heidelberg and 2 German scientists were invited to Japan exchanging ideas and understanding each other.
The widely accepted concept that the alpha-emitting radionuclide radon induces lung cancers in humans has been based on the excess of lung tumors observed in underground miners extracting uranium or other substances.
Patients to whom Thorotrast was administered continuously exhale radon derived from TH 232 deposits in the body. We therefore investigated lungcancer incidence in our epidemiological follow up series in Japan. While the proportion of small-cell lung cancers considered to be related to alpha-particles was significantly increased, the overall lung cancer incidence was not significantly higher than in controls. Thus, excess lung cancers among the miners might be related to the combined effects of exposure to radon and dusts, and not solely to ra
An animal experiment has been done in Germany to confirm this hypothesis examining the effects of Thorotrast and quartz on the induction of lung tumors in rats. A significant interaction between quartz and Thorotrast(exhalation of Rn 220) has been shown in the induction of lung cancer.
Several unsolved problems in human and animal thorotrastosis have been pointed out by German study group. They are lack of precancerous lesions in most human thorotrast livers, proliferation of Kupffer cells as possibly presarcomatous lesion in men, lack of particle-storage in cells of hemangiosarcomas in men and animals, lack of primary tumors in spleen and lymph modes despite of high content of Th232 in these organs, and lack of primary tumors in the surrounding of thorotrastomas.
German study group has discovered an important fact by liver transplantation that there is a permanent lifelong translocation of a mobile fraction of Thorotrast in the body. This means that Thorotrast patients have a chronic radiation of all other organs than main storing organs such as the liver, spleen, lymph modes and bone marrow. Less