Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||KYUSHU UNIVERSITY|
HAGISHIMA Satoshi Professor, Fac. of Engineering, Kyushu University, 工学部, 教授 (70038090)
アナント ユドノ インドネシア, ハサノデン大学・工学部, 助教授
朴 鍾ちょる 韓国, 木浦大学校・社会科学部, 教授
金 哲洙 韓国, 啓明大学校・工学部, 副教授
金 晟坤 韓国, 東亜大学校・工学部, 教授
金 南がく 韓国, 江原大学校・工学部, 教授
KITAMURA Hayao Associate Professor, Nishinihon Institute of Technology, 助教授 (80069814)
OHGAI Akira Research Associate, Fac. of Engineering, Kyushu University, 工学部, 助手 (10160433)
KUROSE Shigeyuki Professor, Yatsushiro National College of Technology, 教授 (20153413)
SUGAWARA Tatsuyuki Associate Professor, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, 助教授 (60104072)
SATOU Seiji Professor, Fac. of Engineering, Ohita University, 工学部, 教授 (70113412)
YUDONO Ananto Associate Professor, Fac. of Engineering, Hasanuddin University
PARK Jong-Chul Professor, Fac. of Social Science, Mokpo National University
KIM Cheol-Su Associate Professor, Fac. of Engineering, Keimyung University
KIM Sung-Kon Professor, Fac. of Engineering, Dong-A University
KIM Nam-Gak Professor, Fac. of Engineering, Kangweon National University
|Project Period (FY)
1991 – 1992
Completed(Fiscal Year 1992)
|Budget Amount *help
¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
|Keywords||Comparative Analysis / Provincial Industrial Cities in Japan and Korea / Population Density Distribution / Urban Adjustment / Road Network / Green Belt / Compulsory Education Facilities / Outdoor Space / 工業団地開発 / 都市構造の転換 / スプロ-ル市街地 / 高密度市街地 / 都市の活性化|
Provincial cities surveyed in this comparative study are Kitakyushu, Oita, and Yatsushiro in Japan and Chunchon, Ursan, and Mokpo in Korea. Data from other cities are also added in some cases to provide more information. The results are as follows :
1. In Japan, low density areas are spreading along the transportation network in the outskirts of cities. In Korean cities, central high density areas are growing. This contrast are mainly caused by the difference in land use control systems in the two countries. In Japan, urbanization control areas have been established to control the spread of low density areas. In Korea, green belts, and green districts within these green belts, have been designated in the outskirts of cities and an undesirable urban sprawl has thus been controlled.
2. Concerning the relation between urbanization and infrastructure, a sufficient land supply through development of housing areas, land readjustment etc. are the main policy in Japanese city planning. As an example,in Oita City infrastructures for both industry and housing were implemented at the same time.
As a contrast, in Korean cities the development of infrastructure are not sufficient concerning the rate of urbanization.
3. Facilities for compulsory education are generally constructed following a rapid increase in population in both countries. In these schools, problems as many children in each class and unsufficient temporary buildings occure.
4. In housing areas in Korean cities, road space are used for such private purposes as storing, shops and play grounds. With an increase in the use of cars, such activities will have to end and various environmental problems will occur.