Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||WASEDA UNIVERSITY|
NAGASAWA Kazutoshi PROF. FACULTY OF LITERATURE, WASEDA UNIV., 文学部, 教授 (60083333)
長沢 和俊 早稲田大学, 文学部, 教授
樊 自立 新疆生物土壌沙漠研究所, 副教授
夏 訓誠 蘭州沙漠研究所, 所長教授
張 玉忠 新疆文物考古研究所, 研究員
王 炳華 新疆文物考古研究所, 所長教授
ARAKAWA Masaharu LECTURER. FACULTY OF LITERATURE, WASEDA UNIV., 文学部, 非常勤講師
OHASHI Kazuaki PROF. FACULTY OF LITERATURE, WASEDA UNIV., 文学部, 教授 (80120905)
SAKURAI Kiyohiko PROF. FACULTY OF LITERATURE, WASEDA UNIV., 文学部, 教授 (60063195)
XI Ao Li RESEARCHER. THE XINJIANG INSTITUTE OF CULTURAL RELICS AND ARCHAEOLOGY.
BING Hua Wang PRESIDENT PROF. THE XINJIANG INSTITUTE OF CULTURAL RELICS AND ARCHAEOLOGY.
ZI Li Fan ADJUNCT PROF. THE XINJIANG INSTITUTE OF BIOLOGY, PEDOLOGY AND DESERT.
XUN Cheng Xia PRESIDENT PROF. THE LANZHOU INSTITUTE OF DESERT.
李 肖 新疆文物考古研究所, 研修員
劉 文鎖 新疆文物考古研究所, 研究員
王 炳ほあ 新疆文物考古研究所, 所長教授
|Project Period (FY)
1991 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥27,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥27,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥9,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥8,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,000,000)
|Keywords||SILK ROAD / NAN-JIANG / ZUNGARIA / TARIM BASIN / WANG. BING HUA / TURFAN / KUCHA / TASHKURGAN / 新疆維吾尓自治区 / 北疆 / 伊寧 / 塔城 / 哈密 / 巴里坤 / 吉木薩尓 / 木塁 / 新疆ウイグル自治区 / シルクロ-ド / ウルムチ / トルファン / コルラ / 西安|
This international scholarly project carried out for a present survey of the Silk Road route and the sites along it in the Xinjiang uighur autonomous region from the third year of Heisei to its fifth year. Since the second year of Heisei, every investigation and excavation of cultural relics must take the permission of the State Bureau of Cultural Relics beyond the Lows of State Bureau of Cultural Relics. Thanks to the permission of State Bureau of Cultural Relics through Xinjiang uigur Autonomous Region Cultural Bureau and the co-operation of The Cultural Relics Archeology Institution of Xinjiang and The Desert Institute of Xinjiang, we were able to attain our joint project.
In the third year of Heisei, we rounded the Tarim basin and investigated the ancient Silk Road and its sites. In consequence of tying the points and draw a line between the ancient sites in Tarim basin, we made it clear that the ancient Silk Road was much different from the modern car-route.
In the 4th fiscal year o
f Heisei, we took a tour around in the Zungaria of Xinjiang, i.e. Tianshan bei lu and the two sides of renge of eastern Tianshan. As the result, we made clear that the water and the grassland are very abundant in so called Tian shan bei lu (northern route of Tian shan), so it is easier for a caravan to make a journey along this route than along the Tarim basin route.
In the fifth fiscal year of Heisei, we explored some regions of the Tarim basin which we have not done yet, i.e. Kucha, Aksu, Ushu, Tashkurgan, Kashgar, Yarkand, Kyotan, Pamir plateau and so. Especially speaking, we succeed to explore the route from Uchi-Turfan to Bedal pass, along which Xuan-zang-sang-zang went in the Tang era and the route from Pamir Plateau to Mintaka pass along which the Otani Expedition passed.
Then we took the measurement of the longitude and latitude of about 100 sites in Xinjiang by G.P.S. (Global Positioning System) of Sony Co. The results of our measurements corrected a number of longitude and latitude in the Sir A. Stein's map which so far was regarded as credible. Now we got the possibility to give the whole picture of the ancient Silk Road through linking these sites each other. Less