|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
The reaction of [Phenylthallium(III)(18-crown-6)] diperchlorate,[PhTl^<III>(18-crown-6)](ClO_4)_2 (1 a) with phenol gives [phenyl(4'-hydroxyphenyl)tnallium(III)(18-crown-6)]diperchlorate (2). The complex 1 a reacts also with alkylphenols, methoxyphenols, catechol, resorcinol, and pyrogallol to give thallated product exclusively at the para position of the electron-donating group(OH or OCH3) without suffering from reduction of thallium(III). No reaction takes place with 4-methylphenol, benzene, toluene, Electrophilic thallation of diphenylamine, diphenylmethylamine and triphenylamine with 1 a gives compounds of the type [PhArTl^<III>(18-crown-6)](ClO_4) (Ar=4'-phenylamino)phenyl, 4'-(methylphenylamino)phenyl, and 4'-(diphenylamino)phenyl, respectively). Similar reaction of five-membered heterocycls, such as pyrrole, furan and thiophene and their derivatives, was observed at mild condition. On the other hand the reaction of 1 a with imidazole resulted in coordination of imidazole nitrogen to the thallium ion without substitution at the ring.
Reactions of 1 a with Me_3SiR(R=PhCH_2, Et, Ph, CH=CH_2, SiMe_3 OSiMe_3) proceeded at 60ﾟC to provide exclusively [phenylmethylthallium(III)(18-crown-6)]perchlorate in good yield to excellent yield. Cleavage of the Me-Si bond in tetramethylsilane using 1 a also occurred at room temperature.