|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Despite the volumes published on modern Japanese architecture, the subject on residential architecture of the Japanese Imperial Family and their Peerage built during the Meiji era (1868-1912) has been a sadly neglected field of endeavor. The lack of research works can be attributed to the lack of materials available, compounded by the fact that 80% of these structures were either destroyed during the great Kanto earthquake of 1923 or the Second World War. Through this paper, this researcher hopes to fill this gap in the history of modern Japanese architecture. The research study involved, among other things, the investigation of depositories for old architectural drawings. However, more materials were unraveled upon conducting painstaking interviews with the heirs of Japan's 50 most distinguished families. Likewise, old architectural magazines such as Kenchiku Sekkai, Kenchiku Zasshi, and Kenchiku Gahou, to name a few, were laboriously checked.
The main objective of this study aims to answer such general questions as : a)What were these people's houses ; b)In what styles were they built ; c)Who designed them, d)What type of construction technology was utilized, e)What were the users' lifestyles and what changes were instituted, among others. In short, this paper is about understanding why these Japanese houses looked the way they did and the conditions that enforced them. It will also unmask the man it was built for : his character, tastes, interests, wealth, aspirations, and fears.