|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1991 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
The genome of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) encodes three nonstructural, regulatory proteins, TAT, REV, and NEF, in addition to the structural proteins GAG, POL, and ENV that are commonly found in retroviruses. Tat, rev, and nef genes are very important for viral replication. Tat is essential for virus production, nef gene is negative factor for virus reproduction. On the other hand, rev protein regulates production by tat or virus reproduction by nef. The nef proteins (25 kDa or 27 kDa) are found in HIV-1-infected cells, 25 kDa protein is truncated form of 27 kDa which is acylated at the amino terminus of the protein by myristoyl group. The p27^<nef> protein sometimes is detected in depressed cell proliferation, but not in normally proliferated cells.
The p27^<nef> protein was found in the CEM infected with LAV-1 (HIV-1 virus) after 2 hours cultivation at 41ﾟC. The mechanism of the production of p27^<nef> protein is not understood so far. A heat-shock protein, which is produced by heat-shock, may result in depression of tat protein.