Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||HYOGO UNIVERSITY OF TEACHER EDUCATION|
KATSUNO Shingo HYOGO UNIVERSITY OF TEACHER EDUCATION (PROFESSOR), 学校教育学部, 教授 (70098523)
国崎 弘(1992) 静岡大学, 教育学部, 教授
WATANABE Masaki HYOGO UNIVERSITY OF TEACHER EDUCATION (ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR), 学校教育学部, 助教授 (10202417)
TAKAHASHI Hiroyuki FACULTY OF EDUCATION, YAMAGATA UNIVERSITY (ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR), 教育学部, 助教授 (20197172)
SHIMIZU Hirosi GIFU PHARMACEUTICAL COLLEGE (ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR), 薬学部, 助教授 (00082983)
WADA Kiyoshi DIVISION OF DRUG DEPENDENCE AND PSYCHOTROPIC DRUG CLINICAL RESEARCH, NATIONAL IN, 精神保健研究所・薬物依存研究部・向精神薬研究室, 室長 (70220952)
KONUMA Kyohei DRUG DEPENDENCE TREATMENT AND RESEARCH DEPARTMENT, NATIONAL SHIMOFUSA SANATORIUM, 精神科, 医長
清水 新二 国立精神神経センター, 精神保健研究所システム開発研究室, 室長 (40113493)
|Project Period (FY)
1992 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥5,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,500,000)
|Keywords||DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION / CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY / INTERVENTION / HEALTH EDUCATION / EPIDEMIOLOGY / TREATMENT / REHABILITATION / AND WELFARE / LAW SYSTEM / DATA BASE|
As a part of this project, we visited Canada, the U.S.A., Netherland, Germany, and some other European countries in 1993. We investigated the current drug situation of the countries and analyzed cross-culturally the strategy of drug abuse prevention.
The results obtained are as follows :
1. The use of illicit drugs in students and adults has generally shown a decline since 1977 in Ontario, Canada. The decline of drug user depended mainly on the effort of the Addiction Research Foundation (ADF) which is an agency created by the Ontario government. However, some sub-groups ; one is women 18-29 years old and the other is street youth, have increased their illicit drug usage.
2. The current drug situation in European countries is different from those in the USA and Canada. The government of Netherland has taken relatively tolerant policy for marijuana use. Against illegal drugs, several kinds of intervention programs have been provided by the Department of Health Education at the University of Limburg. On the other hand, the number of hard drug user increased significantly in the past decade in Germany and the National Programe on Drug Abuse Control was developed in 1990.
3. In the USA, several pilot studies have clarified the effectiveness of school-based comprehensive drug abuse prevention program, which were designed to provide students with the knowledge, attitudes, skills and behavior to make healthy decisions. The generalized large scale strategy focused on drug abuse prevention have been developed and trials to integrate school and community program has been begun.