Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Dito Bunka University|
HORII Kenzo Professor, Faculty of International Relations Daito Bunka University, 国際関係学部, 教授 (80209270)
篠田 隆 大東文化大学, 国際関係学部, 助教授 (20187371)
高橋 昭雄 アジア経済研究所, 地域研究部, 研究員
吉松 久美子 大東文化大学, 国際関係学部, 講師 (70240348)
水野 広祐 アジア経済研究所, 地域研究部, 研究員
長沢 栄治 アジア経済研究所, 地域研究部, 研究員
原 隆一 大東文化大学, 国際関係学部, 教授 (70198901)
梅原 弘光 立教大学, 文学部, 教授 (00160325)
桜井 浩 久留米大学, 商学部, 教授 (60258358)
多田 博一 大東文化大学, 国際関係学部, 教授 (80188250)
内田 知行 大東文化大学, 国際関係学部, 助教授 (80193895)
SINODA Takashi Associate Professor, Faculty of International Relations, Daito Bunka University
UCHIDA Tomoyuki Associate Professor, Faculty of International Relations, Daito Bunka University
TAKAHASHI Akio Researcher, Research Section, Institute of Developing Economies
YOSHIMATU Kumiko Lecturer, Faculty of International Relations, Daito Bunka University
MIZUNO Kohsuke Researcher, Research Section, Institute of Developing Economies
UMEHARA Hiromitu Professor, Dept. of Literature, Rikkyo University
NAGASAWA Eiji Researcher, Research Section, Institute of Developing Economies
TADA Hirokazu Professor, Faculty of International Relations Daito Bunka University
SAKURAI Hiroshi Professor Dept. of Commerce, Kurume University
|Project Fiscal Year
1992 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥19,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥19,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥9,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥9,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,500,000)
|Keywords||Irrigation in Asia / A Comparative Study of Irrigation Systems / Efficiant Ues of Water / Privatization / Collection of Water Charge / Irrigation Administration / Water Users' Organization,IIMI / アジアの潅漑 / 潅漑制度比較研究 / 水利用の効率化 / 水管理の民営化 / 水利費の徴収 / 潅漑行政 / 農民水利組合 / 国際水利経営研究所(IIMI) / アジアの灌漑 / 灌漑制度比較研究 / 灌漑行政 / 国際水利経営研究所(IMII)|
The project work of this year was aimed at understanding the function and problems of irrigation policies shared by many Asian countries since 1980's to improve the efficiency of water use by re-organizing irrigation administration, modernizing irrigation facilities and encouraging water users' organization. In our preliminary surveys undertaken last year, we collected materials related to various topics of irrigation and finalized irrigation projects and water users' organizations for intensive surveys. Accordingly, we have undertaken field surveys this year in eleven Asian countries such as Malaysia, Pakistan, India, Korea, Taiwan, Philippines, Egypt, Lebanon, Thailand, China and Nepal. Also, literature surveys were undertaken in England and Hongkong on the irrigation systems of Myanmar and China respectively.
Major findings of our surveys are as follows.
Firstly, the framework of present irrigation administration is by and large same as the previous one developed during the colonial r
ule in many Asian countries. Also, we find a lot of similarity in irrigation administration among countries once colonized by the British such as Egypt, India, Pakistan and Myanmar. The same can be applied to Korea and Taiwan colonized by the Japanese.
Secondly, many Asian countries re-organized irrigation administration recently in a wave of privatization, which is a worldwide trend initiated by the world organizations. Those countries seeking more financial and technological assistance are under more pressure by the world organizations for privatization. Thus, the pace of privatization tends to be more rapid among countries which seek more assistance.
Thirdly, community-oriented custom has been losing its base in the traditional type of water users' organizations due to the commercialisation of agriculture and various intervention by the government, while the response of beneficiaries tends to be slow in the newly set-up water users' organizations with the support of the government.
Lastly, conjunctive use of surface and underground water is much in progress in the command area of large irrigation projects since economic value of stable and timely water has shot up, which brings about a tremendous change in irrigation organizations. Less