Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Chuo University(1993)|
National Museum of Ethnology(1992)
MIYAMOTO Masaru Professor, Faculty of Policy Studies, Chuo University, 総合政策学部, 教授 (40110085)
AWANG Hasmad マレーシア国民大学, 社会科学人文科学部, 助教授
PATRICIA Regis Director, Sabah Museum., 館長
MATUSSIN Omar Director, Brunei Museum., 館長
PETER Kedit Director, Sarawak Museum., 館長
SATO Koji Research fellow, Fourth Research Department, National Museum of Ethnology., 助手 (60215788)
UCHIBORI Motomitsu Professor, Faculty of Sociology, Hitotsubashi University., 社会学部, 教授 (30126726)
SOMEYA Yoshimichi Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Shizuoka University., 人文学部, 教授 (20091548)
AWANG HASMADI Awang Mois Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, National Univers
|Project Period (FY)
1992 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥26,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥26,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥13,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥13,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥13,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥13,000,000)
|Keywords||Borneo / Sabah / Sarawak / Brunei / Socio-economic Change / Legal Culture / Material Culture / 物質文化|
This study attempts to clarify how the Bornean peoples have adapted their cultures to the nationwide socio-economic changes.
Miyamoto's research data shows that the Dusun of Sabah have been placed in the new setting of legal pluralism, with Dusun indigenous law, national/state law, Christian law and Islamic law in one community, since the 1970's when not a few villagers were converted to Christianity and Islam, and that conflicts occurring among the villagers are mostly managed on the basis of their indigenous law newly adjusted to the other three laws. Peter and Awang Hasmadi's research in Sarawak reveals that the indigenous peoples such as the Iban and the Selako have adapted their legal culture to the new socio-economic setting, by reorganising their indigenous laws.
Uchibori's research data on the Iban of Brunei and two localities in Sarawak indicate that the people of the same ethnic group have shown different patterns of adaptation, due to the differences in subsistence and governmental policy, among others.
In East Malaysia there are a number of Javanese transmigarnts. Someya's case studies in Sabah clarify that those Javanese have endeavoured to adapt themselves to the Sabahans' life-style, consciously employing their own traditional values, with a strategy of creating harmony with the latter.
The socio-economic changes in Borneo have exerted strong influences upon the traditional material cultures. Sato, Patricia and Matussin indicate that external impacts, such as the large-scale timber business and the government's policies for national integration, agricultural development and tourism promotion, have largely changed the materials and meanings of traditional houses and other artifacts such as costumes and ornaments.
The results of this joint-research will be published in March 1995, as a volume entitled Cultural Adaptation in Borneo.